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Early Middle English for today

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a concise early Middle English to Modern English dictionary

~
a_gen adj
own
a_gen v ptpr; a_h a_hst, a_hte own, possess; owe; have to, ought; encompass
aht n f property, possessions; ownership, control
a_gen, a_gan a_h/a_g a_hst a_gon a_hte a_hton, aeht ae_hte~
PC1 ahte/eahte, PC2 ahte, Orm ay`h`enn ah, ahhte, Lmn agen ah ahte ahten, ahte (ae), AW ahte, PH3 ey`te, SO owhen, MED aught
a_glaece n m
monster, demon
a_glae_c`a (ae_~) a_glae_c` (a_)
MED e_gle_che
ak conj
but, nevertheless, moreover, however
ac
PC2 ac/oc, Orm acc, MED ac (ak)
al adj; ~le, ~re
all, whole
alles adv; n~ completely
eall ~e ~es; ealre ~ fyrst/lae_st; nealles
PC2 al alle alrefyrst, Orm all alle allre laest, AW al alle
a_ld adj; eld~er ~est
old
alder n m/nt, suff; ~man elder, leader, civil or religious authority; chief-, arch-
alderdo_m n m superiority, pre-eminence
elde n f age, maturity; stage, period
elden v w delay; age, grow old
eldre n m sg/pl parent; older person
eald (a), ealdor ~do_m ~liċ ~mann, ealdras, ield~o (y/e) ~ra ~est ~an
PC1 ylde, PC2 ald, Orm ald, elde, eldenn, elldre, Lmn ald, alder, eld(e)re, ealdren (ae), Ch o(o)ld elde, MED alder, elde, elden, eldre
~
a_n indef, num, adj, pref; ~ne ~es ~e
a, an; one; lone, single
a_nes gen, adv one's; once
a_ne dat, adv alone
ana_n adv at once
a_niy` adj; n~ any
a_nlic adj unique, only, solitary
a_nnes n unity, agreement
a_ninge adv entirely
na_n pron, adj; ~ne ~es no, none, nobody
for t`e na_nes adv for the occasion; on purpose, expressly; indeed
a_n a_nne/ae_nne a_nes a_num a_ne, a_na, ae_nig`, a_n~li_c (ae_) ~nes, ae_ne, a_nga, a_nunga, na_n na_nne etc, for t`ae_m a_nes
PC1 an aenne anes ane, PC2 a onne nan, Orm a(n) aenne aness ane, nan ~ess ~iy`, forr t`e naness, Lmn a(n) aenne (ane), Owl an anne ane, ene, Ch a(n) o(o)n n~, for the nones
~

1 2

at prep, pref
at; by, with
aet
PC2 at (ae), Orm att
at`el adj; ~nes
noble, aristocratic; excellent, splendid, fine
at`eling n m prince, nobleman, chieftain
e_t`el n m/nt native land, homeland
aed`el~e ~u ~nes ~ing, e_t`el
Orm at`ell, Lmn ad`el, Owl at`ele, MED athel, ethel
ba_, ba_t`e num (n/adj/conj)
both
bey`en n pair, couple, duo
be_g`en ba_ ba_ beg`ra ba_m/bae_m, ba_ t`a_
PC1 bad`e, begen, PC2 bat`e, beien, Orm bat`e, ba bey`y`enn, Lmn ba beien, bad`e, AW bad`e, ba, Owl bot`e, bo, SO bot`e, Ch bothe, MED bothe, bo

1 2

baken v s6; bo_k bo_ken ibaken; ~ere ~estre
bake
bakern n nt bakery, bread shop
bacan (o_ o_ a) baec~ere ~estre ~ern
Orm bakenn, MED baken (o_ o_ a)
bak n nt
back
baec
PC1 baec, Orm bacc, AW bac, Ch bak
bale n nt
evil, malice; misery
bealu beal(u)wes
Lmn balu baluwen, AW bale (balewe), Ch bale, MED bale
bane n m
slayer, murderer; bane
ben n f; bennes wound
bana ben(n)
Lmn bane (o), AW bone, Ch bane
be, bi_ prep
by, with, near, about, at, in, on, during, according to
umbe prep, pref around, about
aefre umb hwi_le adv repeatedly
be (bi_/big`), ymbe (u/e)
PC1 ymbe, PC2 be/bi, um, Orm bi, umbe ummbenn, Lmn bi, AW umbe(n), Ch be/by, MED umbe
baeh n m; ~ges
ring, crown, necklace
boge n m bow, arch
bu_gen v s2; baeh bugen ibogen; for~ bow, bend, submit; turn, retreat
be_ag (h), bu_gan (e_a u o) for~, boga
PC1 bugon, Orm buy`h`enn for~ baeh, Lmn beh baey`es, boy`e, buy`en baeh, AW bohe, MED bei

1 2

bed n nt; beddes pl
bed
bedbu_r n nt bedroom
bedd ~es, bedbu_r
Orm bedd, Lmn bed bedde, Ch bed beddes

1 2

be_d n m
table
be_od
MED beode
be_den v s2; baed buden iboden
offer, bid, grant
bod n nt offer
bebe_den v ~end command, order; entrust
bebe_dendlic adj commanding, imperative
bebod n command, order, injunction, decree
forbe_den v forbid
boden v w fore~ announce, proclaim, deliver message; preach; prophesy, portend, bode
be_odan a~ be~ for~ (e_a u o), bebe_odend ~lic, (g`e)bodian fore~, boda, bodiend, bod be~ g`e~, bodung
PC1 bodian, Orm bede baed forr~, Lmn beoden baed iboden, bodien, MED be_den, boden
be_r n m
beer
be_or
MED be_r

1 2

bergen v s3; barh burgen iborgen
save, preserve, protect
iberh n nt; ~ges; ~lic ~lae_s, here~ refuge, safety, protection, defence
biry`en v w; bury, entomb
burh n f; ~ges town; fort, stronghold
burhle_d n m citizen
burhstede n m city
haefedburh n capital city
beorgan (ea u o), g`ebeorg ~lic` here-beorg, (be)byrg`an (ig`), byrg`a, burg (h) byr(i)g`,burg~le_od ~stede, he_afodburh
PC2 burch, byrieden, Orm bery`h`enn borry`h`enn, herrberry`h`e, berrhless, burrh burry`h`ess, birry`enn, Lmn herbery`e, burh bury`es, burien, AW burhen iborhen, burh

1 2

berh n m; ~ges
mountain, hill, mound
beorg (h)
Lmn berhy`e beory`en, MED bergh (bery`/beregh)
bern n m
man, male, soldier, hero
beorn
Lmn be(o)rn, MED bern
beren v s4; bar baeren iboren; for~
bear, carry; bring forth, produce
ibaere n f; ~n v w behaviour
baern n m child, bairn
barm n m lap; bosom
bird n f/nt birth, lineage, descent, birthplace
birt`en n f burden, duty
beran (ae ae_ o) for~, bae_r, g`ebae_r~u (e_) ~an, bearn, bearm, g`ebyrd ~daeg`, byrt`en
PC2 bar baeron (for)baren byrt`en, Orm berenn barr baere borenn baere baern barrness birde, Lmn beares baere barme bearm be(a)rn, AW bere bearm bearnes burde
bi_den v s1; ba_d biden ibiden
stay, continue, remain
abi_den v abide, wait, await, expect; delay; survive
ibi_den v experience, undergo
bi_dan (a_ i i) a_~ g`e~
PC1 biden, Orm bad, Ch byde bood, MED bi_de
bidden v s5; bad baeden ibeden
pray, request, beseech, exhort
baeden v w compel, impel; oppress
bede n f prayer, bead
biddan (ae ae_ e), bae_dan, bedu g`ebed
PC1 bidde baed beaden, Orm bidden badd baede bedenn, bede bedess, Lmn bidden bad beden, bede beden, Ch bedes, MED ibede, bed(e)
bi_nden v s3; ba_nd bu_nden ibu_nden
bind, tie, restrain; imprison
ibi_nd n nt fastening
bend n f bond, fetter, shackle
bindan (a u u), g`ebind, bend
PC1 bendas, Orm bindenn band bundenn, Lmn binden ibundene, bende, AW ibunden, Ch bynde bond ybounden, MED bi_nden, bi_nd(e), bend(e)
blo_d n nt; ~iy`; ~iy`en v w
blood
blo_d ~ig`, blo_dg`ian (blo_deg`ian)
Orm blod, Lmn blod, AW blod, MED blo_d, blo_deke

1 2

bo_k n f/nt; ~es (be_c) pl
book
bo_kere n m author, writer; scholar
bo_kstaf n m letter, character
bo_ken v w book, reserve
bo_c ~ere ~staef, be_c, bocian
PC1 bokes/bec, Orm boc boke, AW bokes
bord n nt
table, board, plank, shield; meal
innenbordes adv; uten~ at home
cuppebord n cupboard
bord innan~es u_tan~es
Orm bord, Ch bord, MED bord, cuppe-~ 1375
bre_st n m/f
chest, breast
bre_ost
Orm brest, Lmn breoste, Ch bre(e)st
briht adj; ~en v w
bright
brey`den v s3; bray`d bruy`den ibroy`den flash, dart, move quickly; twist, braid
beorht (bryht) ~ian, breg`den (ae u o) a~
PC1 gebroiden, Orm brihht, Lmn briht, breiden braid (ae) brudden ibroiden, AW briht brihted`, breiden ibroiden
bringen v w irr; brohte
bring
bringan bro_hte
PC2 brohte, Orm brinnget`t`, AW bringen, Owl broy`te
bro_t`er n m nom/gen
brother
bret`re pl brothers
bro_t`or (g`e)bro_t`or/bro_t`ru bre_t`er
PC1 brod`er bred`re, Orm brot`err bret`re, Lmn brot`er ~en (~es), Ch bretheren/brotheres
bru_n adj
brown; dark, swarthy
bru_n
MED broun (brun)
~
biggen v w irr; bigge biggeth, bohte
buy, purchase, acquire
abiggen v redeem
bebiggen v sell
bycgan a~ be~ bycge byg`et` bohte
PC2 bohton, Orm biggen bigget` bohhte, AW buggen bud`, Ch byeth, MED bi_en for~
birne n f
armour, coat of mail, corselet, byrnie
byrne,
brynja
PC2 bryniges, Lmn burne (brunie), AW brunie, MED brinie
caep n m
purchase, sale, trade
caepen v w trade, buy, bargain
caephu_s n nt department store
caepman n trader, merchant
caepsto_w n market
caeptu_n, caept`orp n shopping mall
caepy`e_ld n nt price
c`e_ap ~man ~sto_w ~ġield ~ung ~ian, cy_pan
Lmn cheap, AW chap (ea) cheped` chepinge, MED chep ~en chap-man
ce_sen v s2; caes curen icoren
choose
kire n m; ~iy` choice
c`e_osan (e_a u o), cyre cyrig`e
PC1 cesen coren (s), PC2 cuson cosan, Orm chesesst chaes chosenn, Lmn chaes curen (i)coren, cure, AW chesen icorene, SO ycore, MED kire
ce_se n m
cheese
c`i_se (ae_/e_/y_)
PC1 ceose, PC2 caese, LHchese, Ch chese, MED che_se
ceste n f
chest, trunk, box; coffin; basket
cist (e/y)
PC2 caeste, Lmn cheste, Ch cheste (i), MED chest(e)
cester n f
town, fort
cesterware n m/f citizen
c`easter ~waran ~ware
Orm chesstre, MED chestre
ci_ld n nt; ~ha_d
child
cildre n pl children
c`ild ~ru ~an ~ha_d
PC2 cild, Orm child chilldre childenn, MED chi_ld
vowel lengthening before 'ld' (but not 'ldr') in late OE
e ~ ~
corn n nt
grain
morgencorn cereal
corn
PC2 corn, Orm corn, Lmn corn
craft n m; ~iy` adj
skill, ability, trade, art, craft; strength
craftige n m craftsman
he_hcraftige n m architect
craeft ~iga he_ahcraeftiga
PC1 craeftes, Orm crafft, Ch craft
cumen v s4 irr; co_m co_men icumen
come
kime n m coming, advent
acumen v; ~endlic come forth, occur, be possible
ancumen v; to~ arrive
cuman (o_ o_ u) an~ a_~ to_~ cumet`/cymt`, cyme
PC2 cumen com comen, Orm cum(m)enn cumet`t` comm comenn, Lmn cumen com comen, kime/cume, AW cume, Ch com(e)th cam/co(o)m co(o)me(n), come, MED comen a~ acumendlice
cunnen v ptpr; can canst, cu_t`e icu_t`
know, know how to, be acquainted with
cna_wen v s7; cne_w cne_wen icna_wen know, recognise, perceive
cunnen v w; cunnet` cunnede; for~ test, try, investigate
cu_t` adj known, familiar
forcu_t` adj vile, wicked, obscene
cu_t`e n m/f acquaintance; client, customer
ke_ne adj keen, bold, sharp, pungent
ki_t` n f; ~t`es kinship, relationship; homeland, familiar territory
ki_t`en v w irr; kidde iki_t`ed; i~nes acquaint, make known, announce, proclaim; testify, confess
cunnan cann canst cunnon cu_d`e, cna_wan (e_o e_o a_), cunnian for~, cy_d`d` (~u) for-cu_t`, cu_da,ce_ne, (g`e)cy_d`an cy_dde, (g`e)cy_d`nes,
PC1 gecydde, PC2 can cunnen cut`e, Orm cunnenn cann cannst cut`e cut`enn, kene, kit`en kiddenn, cnawenn cnew, cunnenn cunnet`t`, Lmn cud`d`e icud/icud`, cnowed` cneowe, kene, AW cnawen, MED kitthe ki_then iki_thnesse
~
cwet`en v s5; cwat` cwaet`en icwet`en
say, speak, settle, resolve
cwide n m speech, saying, phrase
(g`e)cwet`an (ae ae_ e), cwide
PC1 cwed`e cwaed/cwaed`, Orm cwat`t`, Lmn quad`/quaed qued`en iqued`en, AW cwed`en cwed` cweden
~
day` n m
day
dagen v w dawn, grow light
day`hwamlic adj daily
day`mael n m clock
daeg` dagas ~mae_l, dagian, daeg`hwa_mlic`
PC2 daei/dei daeies, Orm day`y` day`y`es/day`h`ess, day`y`whammlike, Ch day dayes/dawes, MED 1200 daihwamlice
Mo_nen~day`, Ti_wes~, Wo_dnes~, T`unres~, Friy`e~, Satern~, Sunnen~
dael n m; aelc~ sum~
part, share, deal, portion, allotment, division
daelen v w share, distribute, deal out, divide
bedaelen v deprive
dae_l sum~, dae_lan be~ g`e~ to_~
PC1 dael, PC2 to daelde (e), sum del, Orm del dale todaelenn, Lmn daele dale, to-daelen, Owl echdel
daet` n m
death
daed adj dead
dey`en v w to die
de_at`, de_ad,
deyja
PC1 dead`, daed, PC2 ded, Orm daet`, daed, dey`enn, Lmn daed`, daed, deiy`en, AW deien, Ch deye(n) (dyen)
~
do_ v irr; dide ido_n; be~ for~ mis~ of~
do, make; put
fordo_n v ruin, destroy
misdo_n v transgress, err, sin, do harm
ofdo_n v remove, cancel
de_d n f; ofer~ deed, act, action, achievement
do_m n m, suff judgement, sentence, ordeal; state, ~dom
de_men v w; for~ judge, deem
do_n be~ for~ mis~ of~, de_t`/do_t` dyde g`edo_n, dae_d (e_) mis~, do_m, de_man for~
PC2 don mis~ for~ dide (y), daedes, Orm don missdot` didenn, dede, dom, demenn demmd, AW ded, dom, demen demde, Ch doth, de(e)de
~
draem n m
joy, festivity; music, singing
draemere n m musician
dre_am ~ere ~liċ ~~nes ~craeft
Orm draem, Lmn draem, AW dream
dre_sen v s2; draes druren idroren
fall, decline, fail; perish
dre_riy` adj sad; cruel, grievous; bloody
dre_osan (ea_ u o), dre_or ~ig`
Orm dreriy` (eo), Lmn drese, AW dreori, MED dre_sen (y-drore), dre_ri_
drinken v s3; drank drunken idrunken
drink
adrinken v drown
bedrinken v absorb
fordrunken adj/p ptc drunk, sozzled, inebriated
drencen v w drench, submerge
fordrencen v w intoxicate, make drunk; ply with drink
drinc n m drink, beverage
drinchu_s n nt tavern, bar
drinc(a) drincan (a u u) a_~ be~, drenc`an, drenc`hu_s, drync` (e)
Orm drinnkenn drannc drunnkenn, drinnch/drinnke, Lmn drinches, AW drinken adronc fordrunke drunc-wile, drunch, MED drink(e), drinch(e)
~
driht n f
company, band of retainers, army; multitude
drihten n m; ~lic ~do_m Lord, chief, ruler, majesty
dre_gen v s2; draeh drugen idrogen undergo, experience, endure, suffer; perform
dryht, dryhten ~lic` ~do_m, dre_ogan (ea u o) dri_ht`/dre_oget`
PC2 Drihten, Orm drihhtin drey`h`enn, Lmn driht ~liche Drihten driy`en (g)
dugen v ptpr; daeh daeht, dohte
avail, be useful, be worthy, be strong
dohtiy` adj doughty, worthy, competent, valiant, intrepid
dugan de_ah de_aht dohte, dohtig` (y)
Orm daeh, duhhtiy`, Lmn duy`ende, duhti, AW duhen de(a)h, duhti
~
aer prep, adv
before; beforehand
aerlic adj; ~li_ce early
aerre adj, adv earlier
aerest adj, adv first
ae_r ~ra ~est ~or ~ost ~lic`
PC1 aer, Orm aer, Lmn aer, AW ear ~lice
aerd n m
land, homeland, country
aerden (on~) v w dwell, inhabit
eard ~ian
PC1 aerde, Orm aerd, Lmn aerd, AW eard
e_ce adj; ~lic
eternal, perpetual, durable
a_ adv; ay` ever, forever, always
na_ adv, conj never, not, not at all; no
aefre adv; n~ ever, always
aefric adj, pron every; everyone
e_c`~e ~elic ~nes, a_ (a_wa), na_, ae_fre n~,
ei
PC1 ece, PC2 na, aeure n~ aeuer, aeuric, Orm eche, a ay`y`, na, aefre, Lmn a, na ~t`ing, aeuere n~, euer aelche, AW eche, aa ai, na ~t`ing, eauer n~, eu(e)rich
egge n f
edge
ecg
Orm egge, Lmn egge, AW egge
e_k adv
also, likewise, and
e_ken v w, adj increase, augment, add, accrue, eke out; great, pregnant
wastem n m/nt; ~baere fruit, growth, offspring
waxen v s7; we_x we_xen iwaxen; ful~ grow
e_ac (e_c) ~an, i_ecan e_acian, waestm ~bae_re, weaxan (e_o e_o ea) ful~
PC1 eac, westmas (ae), waex, Orm ec ekenn, wasstme, wax(x)enn wex waxenn full~, Lmn aec/eke aechen, wastmes, waxen weoxen iwaxen, Ch ek(e)/eek, MED e_ken
el pref
foreign, strange
el~
MED el-
~
ellen n nt
courage, valour, strength, zeal
ellen
Orm ellenlaes

1 2

ende n m
end, boundary
enden v w end, finish; destroy
at ende adv finally
end~e ~ian
PC2 enden, Orm ende endenn, MED end~e ~en
~end suff
doer, one who, ~er, ~or
~ende pr ptc doing, ~ing
~end ~ende
MED -ende
Haelend, Scapend, De_mend etc
erl n m
nobleman, earl, count; warrior
eorl
PC2 eorl, Orm eorless, SO erl
ert`e n f; ~lic
earth
eort`e eort`lic`
PC2 ert`e, Orm e(o)rt`e ert`~lic ~liy` ~like, Lmn eord`e eord`lic
eten v s5; at aeten ieten
eat
etan (ae ae_ e) etet`/et
PC2 aeten eten, Orm etenn, Ch eten
fa_ n m fa_n; adj
foe, enemy; hostile, inimical, feuding
faeht` n f hostility, enmity, feud
fa_h (g`e)fa_, g`efa_ ~n, fae_ht`
Lmn ifa ~n, AW fa fan i~, Owl fo, Ch fo(o) foos/fo(o)n, MED fo
fader n m nom/gen
father
faeder
PC1 faeder, Orm faderr, SO fader
mi_n fader hu_s - my father's house
~
fa_h adj; fa_ge w/pl
dappled, variegated, spotted, streaked; adorned, decorated
fa_g (h)
Lmn fah uay`e, MED fou
fallen v s7; fell fellen ifallen; be~
fall
fellen v w fell, cut down, kill
feallan (e_o e_o ea), fiell ~an
Orm fallenn fellenn, Lmn fallen feol ~len, fellen feolde
faren v s6; fo_r fo_ren ifaren
go, travel, journey, fare
afaren v depart
fare n f; suff m expedition, procession; farer
fe_re n m comrade, companion, associate
fe_ren v w; fort`~ go, set out, proceed; behave, act
ife_ren v reach, accomplish
ferd n f; ~en v w army; military campaign; march
ferien v w ferry, carry, convey, transport
fo_r n f journey, voyage
faran (o_ o_ a) faer -fara faru, g`efe_re, fe_r~an ~end, fierd, ferian ferode, fo_r
PC1 ferode, PC2 faren, ferde, faerd, Orm farenn forenn, fere, ferd, Lmn foren, uerien ferede, AW fere, ferd, SO y-fere, MED ferien
fast adj; on~
firm, fixed, secure
fastnen v w fasten, secure, confirm
faest ~an ~e ~en, faestnian
PC2 faeston, faestned, Orm onnfasst, fasste, fesstnenn, Lmn faste, fastnede, MED fast, faste(n), fastnen
~
fele adj, adv
much, many, a lot
fille n f; ofer~ fill, plenty, sufficiency
fillen v w fill, replenish, satisfy
filst n m/f; ~en v w aid, assistance
folgen v w follow, pursue
ful adj; ~le w/pl full
fultum n m; ~en v w help, protection, support, comfort
fela (feolu), fyllo (fyllu), fyll~an (g`e)~ednes, fylst ~an, folgian full-ga_n, full (ful), fultum ~ian
PC1 fela, fylden, fylste, PC2 ful, folecheden, Orm fele, fillenn, folly`h`enn, full, Lmn feole, fulste ~n, foly`en, fultume, AW ful, Owl fele
feh n nt; feges
money, remuneration
fehhu_s n nt bank
fehceste n f cash register, checkout
fehha_ldend n m cashier
fehsarwe n nt ATM, teller machine
feoh fe_os fe_o, feohhu_s
PC1 feo(h), Orm Orm fehh fe, Lmn feoh feo, AW feh, MED fe_
fe_nd n m
fiend, enemy
fe_ond fi_end, fe_ogan (fe_on)
PC1 feond, Orm fend, Lmn feond ~es, Ch feend ~es
fer adj, adv; ferr~e ~er ~est
far; afar
ferren adv; v w from afar; remove, take away
firlen adj; n nt distant, remote; distance
feorr, feorran, fyrlen
Orm ferr, Lmn feor, AW feor, Ch fer, MED fer ferren
ferh n m/nt; ~ges; ~t`
life, soul, spirit
feorh (g) feores, ferhd` (y)
Lmn uore, MED fere furth
~ ~
fi_f num
five
fifte_ne num; fifte_nt`e ord fifteen
fiftiy` num; fiftiget`e ord fifty
fifte ord fifth
fi_f ~ta ~ti_ene ~tig` ~te_od`a ~teogod`a (~tiged`a)
PC1 fif ~tig, Orm fif fif(f)te fifftiy`, Lmn fif ~te ~ten(e) ~ti, Ch fyue fif~t(h)e ~tene ~ty, TH 1200 fiftuged`e, LH 1225 fifteoy`ad`e, GC 1325 viftet`e, WB 1382 fiftenthe fiftythe, MED five (fif) fif-te_ne ~ti_ ~te -te_nthe ~ti_th(e)
fi_nden v s3; fa_nd fu_nden ifu_nden
find, discover
fu_nden v w strive for, desire, head to
fe_t`e n m, nt infantry, foot soldier
fu_s adj eager, ready
fi_sen v w banish, drive away
fi_ndan (a u u), fundian, fe_d`a, fu_s fy_s~an ~ian
PC2 finden fand, Orm findenn fand fundenn, Ch fynde(n) fo(o)nd founde(n)
first n m/nt
period, respite, space of time
first (y/e)
PC2 fyrst, Orm fresst, Lmn feorst firste, AW first

1 2

~
fle_n v s2; fle_ fle_t`; flaeh flugen iflogen
flee, escape
flaem n m flight, escape
fle_men v w expel, put to flight, rout
fle_on fly_ht`/fle_(h)t` (e_a u o), fle_am, fli_ema, (g`)fli_eman
PC2 fleh flugen, flemden, Orm fle(o)n fleot` (att)flaeh fluy`henn, flemmde, Lmn fleon flict` flaeh fluy`en ifloy`en, flaem, flemen flemede, Ch fleen
fle_gen v s2; flaeh flugen iflogen
fly
fle_ge n f fly
fliy`e, fliht n m flight
fliy`ehafen n f airport
fliy`ete_h n m; ~te_ges aeroplane
fle_ogan (e_a u o), fle_oge, flyht, flyg`e, floga
Orm fley`henn fley`het`t` flaeh, Lmn fliy`ed` fleah fluy`en floy`en, fley`en, AW flihd`, flehen, Ch flyes
~
flo_d n m
flood, wave, flow, tide, stream, current; sea
flo_wen v s7; fle_w fle_wen iflo_wen flow
flo_d, flo_wan (e_o e_o o_)
PC1 flod, Orm flod, flowenn flowedd, Lmn flod, AW flowen fleaw

1 2

~

1 2

fo_n v s7 irr; fo_ fo_t`, fe_ng fe_ngen ifangen
seize, grasp
onfo_n v; under~ receive, accept
feng n m; and~ grip, grasp; booty, catch
andfenge adj acceptable, suitable
fo_n fo_ fe_(h)t` (o_) on~, fe_ng fe_ngon g`efangen, feng and~ (a) and~e
PC1 fon feng, PC2 underfeng, Orm fon fo fot` onn~, onnfengenn, fanngenn onn~ unnderr~, Lmn fon fo on-, feng (a) fengen on- under-, Owl fo ifot`, MED fo_n/fongen, onfangen
folde n f
earth, ground
fe_ld n m field
flo_r n m/f floor
folde, feld, flo_r
PC1 feldan, Orm feld, flor, Lmn folde, feld, flor
~
folk n nt; ~lic ~isc
people, folk, nation, tribe
flok n m; flockes group, flock, troop
folc ~lic` ~isc`, flocc
Orm follc follkess, flocc flockess, Lmn folc folke, flockes, MED folk, flok

1 2

for prep
for, in place of
fort`i_, fort`an conj; ~ t`at therefore, consequently; because
for, fort`ae_m (~t`an), ford`y_ ~ t`aet
PC1 fort`an, PC2 for, fort`i t`aet, Orm forr, forrt`i ~ t`att, Lmn fort`an ~ t`at, for t`i
for~ pref
completely, utterly
for~
for~be_den, ~higgen, ~le_sen, ~de_men, ~do_n, ~nimen, ~saken, ~se_n, ~standen i.a.; has a destructive sense in some cases
fore pref, adv
pre, fore; before, afore, previously
foren prep, adv; be~ before, in front of, opposite; forward
to_foren adv previously
fore foran be~ aet~ to_~
PC1 fore, PC2 beforen, Orm biforenn, AW fore biforen
forme adj
first, earliest
firmest adj sp foremost, leading, most prominent
forma fyrmest (o)
Orm forrme, Lmn forme formeste (eo), AW forme uormeste
fort` adv
forth, forward, ahead, away
fort`en v w carry out, achieve, accomplish
fort`riht adv immediately, as soon as
furt`er adv further
firt`ren v w further, support, advance, promote
fort` ~ian ~rihte, furd`or (g`e)fyrd`ran
PC1 furd`or, Orm for(r)t` forrt`~enn ~rihht, firrt`renn, Lmn ford` ~riht, iford`ed furd`er, AW furd`red`, MED further ~en

1 2

fort`en adv
recently, already, first; quite, exactly, even
furt`um (fort`on)
Orm forrt`enn, Lmn fort`e, MED fort`en
fower num; ~te_ne ~te_nt`e ~tiy` ~tiget`e
four
fe_rt`e ord fourth
fe_rt`e dael n m quarter
fe_rt`e (dael) fore ~ ofer quarter to ~ past
fe_ower ~ti_ene ~tig` ~te_od`a (~te_ogd`a) ~tigod`a, fe_ord`a, fe_ord`an-dae_l
PC1 feower ~tyne ~ti, fowertiged`e, feord`e Orm fowwre fowwerrtiy`, fert`e, Lmn feower ~ti, feord`e, AW fowr ~ti ~tud`e (~tende), feord`e, Ch foure fourty, ferthe (ou), TH 1200 fowertid`e, GE 1325 fowrtende, GC 1325 fourtet`e, MED four -te_ne -te_nthe ~ti_ ~ti_the, fe_rthe
fram prep, adv
from; forth, away
freme n f; ~ful benefit, advantage
fremen v w; ful~ avail, benefit; perform, accomplish, commit
fremde adj foreign, alien, strange
fram ~ian, fremu, fremian/fremman full~, fremde (~ede)
PC2 fra(m), Orm fra, frame, fremmde, Lmn from, fremmen, AW from, fremien, PH3 freme, SO fram, Ch fra(m) (o), fremde, MED freme frem(m)en (a)
fratwe n f pl; ~n v w
jewellery, ornaments, decoration
y`atwe n f pl equipment, trappings
tawen v w prepare
fraetw~a ~an ~ian, g`eatwe, (g`e)ta_wian
Orm tawwenn, AW itawet, MED fretewiaen, tauen
frae n m
lord, ruler; god
Friy` n f; ~day` goddess of love and home, wife of Woden
fre_a, Fri_g` ~edaeg`
PC1 Fridaeig, PC2 Fridaei, Lmn Fridaei, Ch Friday
~
fre_nd n s/pl; ~lic ~scipe
friend, friends
fre_ adj; ~n v w free, dear, favoured
frit` n m/nt; un~; ~sum peace, safety
fre_ond fri_end, fre_o, fre_ogan fre_ode, frit` (~u) un~
PC1 freond, freon, PC2 fre(o)nd, unfrit`, Orm frend, frit`t`, Lmn frend, freoi(y`)en freoden, frid`, AW freohin, Owl fro
friy`en v s5; fray` fraegen ifrey`en
ask, inquire, question, investigate
ifriy`en v learn, find out, hear tell
frey`en n nt question
ifraege n nt report; hearsay, knowledge
fray`nen v w ask, inquire
fricgan ge~ frig`et` fraeg` frae_gon g`efreg`en, freg`en, g`efraeg`e, frig`nan (ae u u), fraeg`ning
Orm friy`y`enn, fray`y`nenn, Lmn fraeine ~ien fraeinede, AW freinen, Ch frayneth, MED fri_en, frainen
fro_d adj
wise, old
fro_d
frume n m
beginning, origin, cause
fruma
Lmn frume, Owl frume
~ ~
ga_n v irr; y`e_de iga_n
go
gang n m path, passage, flow
gangen v s7; ge_ng ge_ngen igangen go, walk
igangen v reach, get; happen
-genge suff one who goes
foregenge n ancestor, predecessor
igenge n fellow traveller, companion
ga_n gae_t`/ga_t` e_ode e_odon g`ega_n, gang, gangan (e_ e_ a) ofer~, gengan, genge, ~genga bi_~ fore~ g`e~
PC1 gad` geden/eodon, gangende, PC2 gaede/iaede ieden, genge, Orm gan gat` y`ede ~nn, ganngenn ofer~, genge, Ch go(o)(n) go(o)th/geth yede ~n (y)go(o)n
gader, to_gadere adv
together, jointly
gaderen v w gather, collect
y`ed n nt; ~des; ~en v w song, tale, speech, recitation
geador to_~gaedere aet~ (~gaedre), gadrian (er), g`iedd ~ian
PC1 togadere (e), PC2 togaedere, gadered, Orm togeddre, gaddrenn, Lmn gadere to~, gaedereden, gadelinges, y`eddes, AW togederes, gedered`, MED yed
ga_r n m
spear, javelin, dart
ga_r
Orm gare, MED gore

1 2

ga_st n m; ~lic; a~en v w
spirit, soul, breath; ghost, demon
gaesten v w terrify, torment
ga_st (ae_), gae_sten
Orm gast, Lmn gaest, agaste, AW gast, ageasten, MED gost, gasten a~
God n m
God
God
PC2 Godes, Orm God(d), MED God
go_d adj; un~; betere betst
good
go_den v w improve
be_ten v w amend, make amends, repair, restore
bo_t n f; de_d~ remedy, amends, relief, reparation
go_d ~ian un~, betera betst, be_tan, bo_t dae_d~
PC1 betst, PC2 god ~ed betere, Orm god bettre bettste bote daed~ betenn, AW god betere best bote, MED go_d ~en un~ best bo_t be_ten
gold n nt
gold
gilden v w; adj gild; golden
y`elwe adj; ~n v w yellow
gold gyldan, g`eolu g`eolwe g`eolwian
PC1 gildene, PC2 gold, Orm gold, gildene, Lmn gold, guldene, MED gilden, yelwe (y`alwe/y`eluwe) ~n
grim adj; ~me; ~li_ce ~nes
fierce, savage, cruel
grimmen v s3; gram grummen igrummen rage, roar
gram adj; ~e n m angry, furious, hostile
gremen v w enrage, provoke
grimm (y) grimness, grimman (a u u), gram ~a, (g`e)gremian
PC1 gremienne, Orm grimme, gramm, Lmn gram, AW grim grimme, gremed`, MED grim, gram, gremen
~ ~ ~
gru_nd n m
ground, foundation
gri_nden v s3; gra_nd gru_nden igru_nden grind
grund, grindan (a u u)
Orm grund, grindesst, Lmn grund, AW grinden, Ch ground, gryndeth ygrounde
gume n m
man, adult male
guma
Lmn gume, AW gume, MED gome
gu_t` n f, pref
war, battle, combat
gu_d`
Lmn gud`, MED gu_th
hafen v w; hafde ihafed; for~
have
habban for~, haebbe haefst haeft` habbat`, haefde
PC2 hauen haefde/hadde hefden/hadden haved, Orm hafenn/habbenn hafe hafet`t` haffde ~nn, AW ihaved
ha_l adj
healthy, hale, whole, intact
halge n m; ~n pl/v w saint
ha_liy` adj; ~day` holy
wes (t`u_) ha_l interj hello, greetings, good health
haele n f; un~; ~n v w health, salvation; sanity
ha_l ~ig` ~sum ~ig`daeg`, halg~a ~ian, hae_l~u ~d` ~an; wes t`u_ ha_l
PC1 halgan, PC2 halech~en ~ede, hali ~dom, Orm hal unn~summ, hally`h`e ~nn, haliy` ~dom, haele ~nn, Lmn hal, haly`en, hali, haele ~n, AW hal, halhen, hali, heale ~d`
ha_lden v s7; he_ld he_lden iha_lden; at~ be~
hold, keep; consider
healdan (e_o e_o ea) aet~ be~
PC2 halden held, Orm held ~enn, Lmn haelden bi-halded`, Ch holde(n) he(e)ld
halet` n m
warrior, hero
haele(t`) haelet`es
Lmn haeled` haled`es, MED heleth
e e
ha_m n m
home, dwelling, abode, manor; estate, hamlet
ha_m
PC1 ham, Orm ham, AW ham, Ch ho(o)m
hand n f
hand
hand
Orm hannd, Lmn hond, Ch hand/hond
hard adj; ~e; ~mo_d
hard, fierce, bitter, vehement
heard ~mo_d
PC1 harde, Orm harrd, Owl hard

1 2

ha_t adj
hot
ha_t
Orm hat, AW hat, SO hot
ha_ten v s7; heht hehten iha_ten
name, call; order, command
beha_ten v; promise, vow, threaten
ha_tte ~st ~n; pass pr/pt; am/is/are/was called
ha_tan (e_ e_ a_) (heht) be~, hae_tst hae_tt (ha_test ha_tet`), ha_tte
PC2 hatte gehaten, Orm (y`e)hatenn, Lmn hatet` hehte, hatte ihaten, AW hatte het/hight ihaten
hat`e pref
war, battle
head`u
~
he_ pron sg3 m nom
he
him m/nt acc/dat him, it
his m/nt gen his, its
it (hit) nt nom it
he_/hit hine/hit his him
PC2 he him his it (hit), Orm he him hiss itt (het), AW he hine his him hit, Ch it (hyt)

1 2

~
he_h adj; ~ge; ~gere ~gest; ~t`e
high
he_gen v w raise, lift, erect, exalt, extol
he_ah (he_h) hi_erra hiehst hea_ht`u, g`ehe_gan
PC2 heh, Orm heh hey`h`e hehhre hey`hesst hey`hedd, Lmn haehy`e ~re, SO heiy`e, Ch heygher, MED heigh heigher heien
~ e
helm n m; ~en v w
helmet, protection, defence, covering
halle n f hall, manor
helen v s4; hal haelen iholen; be~ conceal, cover, hide
helle n f hell
helster n m concealment, hiding place, darkness
helm ~ian ofer~ian, helan (ae ae_ o) be~ for~, heall (a), hell, heolstor, g`ehola
PC2 forholen, Orm forrholenn, helle, Lmn halm (ae) helmen, halle, helede, helle, Ch helm, halle, MED helen, heal(le), helle
e
hefen n m/f; hefnes
heaven, sky
heofon heofnes
PC1 heofon heofne/heouene, Orm heffen (eo) heffness, Lmn heofne haeuene, MED heven
here n m
army
heretoge n nt General, chieftain, commander
hergen v w; for~ on~ ravage, plunder, pillage, ransack, harry, harrow
here her(i)g`as, heretoga, hergian (g`) on~ for~
PC1 here ~toga, hergon, Orm here, Lmn here ~toy`e, haery`ien (e), AW herhede, Ch harye, harwed (y), MED herien

1 2

he_r adv; ~bi_
here
henen adv hence, from here
hider adv hither, to here
he_r ~inne ~of ~on ~to_, heonon(e), hider
PC1 heonon (heonne), hider, PC2 her, Orm her, hiderr, Lmn her, hennen (eo), AW heonne, hider, MED he_r(e), henne(s) (henen), hider
he_ren v w; he_rde
hear
ihe_ren v; ~sum accept, accede, obey
he_rendes n pl audience
hi_eran (e_) g`e~, (g`e)hi_ersum
Orm herenn herrde, Lmn heren herde, Owl iheret`
~
hi_ pron pl3 nom
they
hem acc/dat them
here gen their
hi_e hi_e heora (ie/i) him/heom,
t`eir t`eira
PC2 hi her(e) heom, Orm t`ey`y` ~re, here (eo) hem, Lmn hi (eo/a) heore h(e)om, t`aie, Owl hi hore hom, PM hi, SO he her hem, t`ai, Ch they, hir/her(e) hem
hiy`e n m
mind, disposition, intention, desire; heart, courage
ihiy`d n f/nt; ~iy` thought, reflection
hogen v w irr; hogede consider, think, intend, resolve
forhogen v despise, neglect, disregard
hiht n m hope, expectation
hig`e g`ehyg`d hyg`dig` (g`e)hycgan hogian hogode for~, hyht
Orm hiy`, Lmn huy`e, hoy`ede, Owl hoy`et`, MED hie, houen
hild n f
battle, combat, warfare
hild
hinden at~ be~ adv/prep
behind
hindren v w hinder
hindan aet~ be~, hindrian
Orm bihinndenn, AW bihinden, Ch hyndre, MED hinde bi~, hindren
e
la_f n m
bread, loaf
lafdiy` n f lady
la_ferd n m lord
hla_f (+ dig`e, weard >) hlae_fdig`e (a_) hla_ford
PC2 lauerd, Orm laf laffdiy` laferrd, Lmn laues lafdie/laeuedi lauerdinges, AW lave leafdi laverd
~ ~
hord n nt
hoard, treasure
hordere n treasurer, chamberlain
hord ~ere
PC2 horder-wican, Orm hord, AW hord
rat`e adv; ~r cmp ~st sp
hastily, quickly, promptly, soon
rad adj, pref quick, prompt, active, nimble
hrad`e hrad`or, hraed (t`)
Orm rat`e, Lmn rad`e, raed, Owl rat`e, rad
re_den v s2; raed ruden iroden
adorn
hre_odan (e_a u o)
re_wen v s2 tr; raew ruwen irowen
distress, grieve
re_w n f; ~ful regret, sorrow, penitence
re_wlic adj; ~nes grievous, pitiful
re_wsen v w intr repent, feel pity, feel sorrow
hre_ow ~an (ea_ u o) ~(s)ian ~lic` ~ful
Orm reowet`t` raew, AW reowed`, Ch rewe, MED reuen reusen
me_ re_wet`: I regret
~
ring n m
ring; link, fetter
ringen v w ringde iringed provide with rings; surround; ring, sound
hring ~an
PC1 ringden, Orm ringenn, Lmn ringe ringeden (rongen) i-rungen, MED ringen (rang/ringde)
~
hu_ interrog adv, conj
how
hu_
Orm hu, Lmn hu, MED hou
hwa_ pron interrog/rel m/f
who
hwat nt, interj what; indeed, behold, lo
hwa_m acc/dat whom
hwa_s gen whose
hwi_ inst, interj why; well then
ey`hwa_ pron; i~ anyone; everyone, each
na_t-hwa_ adj/pron someone
hwa_ swa_ pron rel who(so)ever
ey`hwat pron; i~ anything; everything, each
na_t-hwat pron something
hwa_ hwaet hwone hwaes hwae_m (a_) hwy_/hwon, g`e~hwa_ ae_g`~ na_t~ ~ swa_, g`e~hwaet ae_g`~ na_t~
PC1 hwa, PC2 wua wat, Orm wha whatt whamm whas whi, Lmn wha whaet wham whes whi, AW hwa hwet hwam hwas hwi, SO wham, Ch who what whom whoos why
hwaerinterrog adv, conj; ~of ~fore
where
ey`hwaer adv; i~ anywhere, everywhere
na_t-hwaer adv somewhere
nohwaer adv nowhere
hwaer swa_ conj wherever
hwenen adv, conj whence, from where
hwider adv, conj whither, to where
nohwider adv, conj to nowhere, in no direction
hwae_r aeg`~ ge~ na_~ na_t~ ~ swa_, hwanon(e), hwider na_~
PC1 hwaer ge~ aeg~, PC2 nowiderwardes, Orm whaer ey`y`~ ~off nowwhar, Lmn wheonene, AW hwer no~ i~ ei~ ~fore, hweonene (hwenne), hwider no~, Ch whenne(s), whider
hwerfen v s3; hwarf hwurfen ihworfen; at~
turn, change; roam, move about
hwarfen v w roll, revolve
hwirfel n m; ~po_l; ~en v w whirl
hwirft n m; umb~ rotation, course, circuit
hweorfan (a u o) aet~, hwierfan hwearfian, hwyrfel hwyrflian hwyrfepo_l, hwyrft ymb~
Orm wharrfenn wharrfedd, HR 1175 hwurfon, Lmn whaeruen whaerfde, Ch whirle, MED wharven (hwarefen), whirlen, whirftlen, umbhwirft
hwet`er pron, conj, adj, det
whether, which of two
hwet`ere adv however, nevertheless
hwet`eres pron gen whose, of which
ey`hwet`er, ey`t`er adj, pron; i~ either, both, each; either one, each one
ey`t`er y`e A y`e B both A and B
na_hwet`er, nowt`er adj, pron neither
hwaet`er ~e ae_g`~ (ae_g`d`er) g`e~ na_~ (na_wt`er no_wt`er)
PC1 hwed`er aegd`er ~ y`e y`e nout`er, Orm whet`t`r ey`y`t`err nowwt`err, AW hwet`er ~es eid`er nowd`er, Owl hwet`er (a) eit`er not`er
hwi_l n f
time, occasion
hwi_le conj, adv while; meanwhile
hwi_lum formerly, once; sometimes
hwi_l ~e ~um
PC1 hwile, hwilon, PC2 wile, Orm whil ~e ~umm, AW hwi_l ~e, MED whilom
hwilc adj/pron
which
ihwilc, ey`hwilc, aelc adj, pron each, any, every; each one, everyone
na_t-hwilc pron someone
hwilc` (e/y) ae_g`~ g`e~ nat~, ae_lc`
PC2 hwilc aelc, Orm whillc illc, AW hwuch, Lmn aelc(he)
~
ic pron sg1 nom
I
me_ acc/dat me
mi_n gen my, mine
ic` me_ mi_n
PC1 me min(e), PC2 i, Orm icc (I) me min(e) (mi), Lmn ich (ic) me min(e) (mi), Ch ich/I/y me my/myn(e)
mi_n behaves like an adjective, hence - mi_ne dat/pl
i_ren n nt, adj
iron; sword, weapon, fetter, instrument
i_sen (i_ren/i_sern)
PC2 iren, Orm irenn, AW ir(e)n, MED i_ren
y`are adj
ready, prepared, equipped
y`arwe n f equipment, clothing, gear
y`erwen v w prepare, equip, adorn; clothe, dress; procure, supply
g`earo (~we), gearwe, g`earwian g`ierwan (y)
PC1 gare, Lmn y`are y`arewe y`aerwen, Owl y`are y`arewe, MED yare yaren
~
y`e_ pron pl2
you, you all
y`ow acc you
y`owre gen your
y`it dual you, you two
ink acc you, you two
inker gen your, your two
g`e_ e_ow (iuh) e_ower (iuer), g`it inc incer
PC1 ge iure, Orm y`e y`uw y`ure, y`itt y`unc y`unnkerr, Lmn y`e y`eow eower, y`it inc incker, AW y`e ow ower, inc incker, SO y`ou y`our, Ch yow youre, MED ink inker
y`ae, y`e_se adv
yes, yea, yeah
y`aeten v w; and~ confirm, say yes, consent
g`e_a ~tan, g`e_se
Orm y`a, y`aetenn, annd~, Lmn y`use, AW y`e, y`es, Ch ye, yis, MED ye (yea), yis, and-y`ae_ten
~
y`aen prep
against, facing, toward, in regard to
ay`aen, ony`aen adv again, back
ay`aenes, ony`aenes, to_y`aenes prep against
g`e_an on~ to_~es
PC2 agaenes (e) togaenes, Orm y`aen onn~ onn~ess, Lmn ay`aen ay`e(i)nes to-y`eines

1 2

y`efen v s5; y`af y`aefen iy`efen; a~ for~
give, allot
y`efe n m gift, bribe
gafol n nt tribute, tax, duty
y`ifet`e n nt fate
g`iefan (ea e_a ie) for~, g`iefu, forg`iefnes, gafol, g`ifed`e, g`ift
PC1 gifene iaef/g(e)af iaefen/g(e)auen gyfene/giuen, gaule, PC2 gyuen/iiuen iaf (a)iauen (f), Orm y`ifenn for~ (g) y`aff (g) y`aefenn (g) y`ifenn (g) y`ife` (g), Lmn y`euen, gauel, y`iued`e, y`ift, Ch yeve(n) yaf yave(n)/yeve (y)yeven
y`e_lden v s3; y`ald y`ulden iy`olden
pay
ay`e_lden v surrender, yield, cede
fory`e_lden v compensate, reward, requite, reimburse
y`e_ld n nt; wer~ payment, tax, tribute
g`ieldan (ea gu go) a_~ for~, g`ield wergild
PC1 geold, PC2 gaeildes, Orm y`eldenn y`oldenn (g), y`eldess, AW y`elden y`eald, y`eld, fory`olden, Ch yelden yald iyolden, MED gild(e) (yild), wer-geld, ye_lden a~ for~
~
y`eten v s5; y`at y`aeten y`eten; for~
get, grasp
bey`eten v receive, acquire, attain
ony`eten v; under~ understand, perceive
andy`et n nt meaning, sense, interpretation; intellect, perception
g`ietan (ea e_a ie) and~ be~ for~ on~ under~, andg`iet (i)
PC1 begeaton beieten, PC2 begaet, undergaeton, Orm anndgaetenn, bigatt biy`etenn, forry`etet`t`, Lmn on-y`iten any`aet, biy`iten bi-y`eted` biy`eat bi-y`aeten, fory`eten, vnder-y`at under-y`etene, AW bi~y`eoten for~ under~, MED andy`it, ony`iten, biyeten, foryeten, underyeten
OE g`ietan is rare; beg`ietan is the usual form
y`e_t adv
yet, still
t`a_y`e_t adv further
g`i_et
Orm y`et, Lmn y`et, AW y`et
y`if conj
if
g`if
PC2 gif, Orm y`iff, Lmn y`if
~
y`ond prep; adv
through, throughout, over; yonder
y`onden prep; be~ beyond
g`eond (be)~an, g`eon
PC1 be geondon, PC2 beionde, Orm biy`onndenn, Lmn y`eon, Ch biyonde, yon
y`u_ adv
already, formerly, earlier, once
g`e_o (iu_)
BH iu, MED yu_
y`ung adj
young
y`uget` n f youth, band of young retainers
g`eong (iung), g`eogut`
PC2 iunge, Orm y`ung, Lmn y`unge, y`uy`ed`e, AW y`ung, y`uhed`e
e ~
king n m
king
kine~ pref; ~lic royal
kinehelm n m crown
kin n nt; ~nes family, kin, kinfolk, race, stock; gender
ki_nd n nt/f; ~elic kind, type, species; character
iki_nd n nt/f; ~elic nature, living things
kennen v w; ~dlic conceive, beget, give birth to, produce
cyning ~do_m, cyne~ ~do_m ~lic`, cyn(n), cynd g`e~e, cenn~an ~end ~endlic ~estre, -cund
PC1 cining king, PC2 king, Orm kingess kinge kinn kinedom mankinne kinde, Lmn king cun ~nes (k) ~ne kine-lond i-cunde kennen
~
land n nt
land, country
ellende adj alien, foreign, strange, exiled
land (o) ellende ele-lendisc
PC2 land ~es, Orm land ~e, MED lond el-lendish
la_ng adj; lengre lengest
long
ila_ng adj dependent, belonging
andla_ng prep along, beside
la_ngen v w long for, yearn
leng n f; ~t`e length
lang ~e ~ot` ~ian, and~, leng ~ra ~est ~(t`)u, g`elang
PC1 lengt`e, PC2 lang, leng, Orm lang, Lmn long an ~, leng, SO leng ~er,Hav andelong
last n m
footprint, track, trace, spoor; gait, step; pursuit
lasten v w serve, carry out, accomplish; last, endure
laeren v w teach, instruct, educate, advise, enjoin, persuade
la_re n f lore, teaching, instruction
lernen v w learn
list n m/f skill, cunning
la_st g`ela_st ~ful, lae_stan g`e~, lae_ran g`e~, la_r, leornian, list
PC2 lastede, lered, Orm lasstenn, laerenn, lare, le(o)rnenn, Lmn lasten (ae) i~, lare, liste, AW learen, leornin, liste, Ch laste(n), lerne(n), MED last

1 2

la_t` adj
loathsome, detestable, disgusting, horrible, repulsive; hostile
la_t`en v w loathe
la_th ~ian
PC1 lad`, Orm lat`, AW lad`in, Ch lo(o)th

1 2

laeten v s7; le_t le_ten ilaeten; a~ for~
let, allow, cause; bequeath, assign
lat adj; ~en v w sluggish, slow, reluctant, hesitant, lax, late
letten v w intr; lette hinder, delay, resist
lae_tan (e_ e_ ae_) a~ for~, laet ~ra ~est, lat~e ~or ~ost, (g`e)lettan
PC1 laeten, PC2 leten let/laet, Orm laetenn let letenn, làte, lettet`t`, Lmn late, letted`, AW lat (e), letten, Owl forlete, MED lat(e) latest(e)
~
le_d n m
man, compatriot
le_de n f pl people, nation, country
le_od ~e
PC1 leod ~e, Orm led ~e, Lmn leod ~e ~en, AW ledene, Gaw lede
le_f
dear
le_fen v w allow, permit, grant, concede
ile_fe n m; ~n v w; ~lic belief, faith, trust
lof n nt; ~en v w glory, renown; praise
lufe n f; ~n v w; ~sum love
le_of, le_af li_efan, g`ele_af~a ~lic` g`eli_efan, lof ~ian, lufu luf~ian ~sum
PC2 luue luueden luued, Orm lef, lefe, laefe lefenn, loff lofenn, lufe lufenn luffsumm, Lmn leof, lefuen i-leuen, lof, lufde, AW leuet` leuede lefden, leaf ileuen, unlefliche, MED le_f, leve le_ven, lof
le_sen v w
loosen, release, liberate, redeem
forle_sen v s2; laes luren iloren lose, abandon
laes adj; suff ~without, devoid of, bereft of; ~less
losen v w be lost, perish; escape; lose
li_esan on~, forle_osan (e_a u o), le_as, losian, na_d`y_lae_s (na_d`e~)
PC1 losedan, PC2 forles forloren, Orm lesenn, leas (ae), Lmn leosen laes iloren forlorene, losien losede ilosed, AW lesen, leosen leas iloren forlore, losen losede, leas, Ch leesen yloren, MED le_sen
~
li_c n nt
body, corpse; form, likeness
~lic adj suff ~ly, like
~li_ce adv suff ~ly
ili_c adj; ~nes n similar, alike
li_ken v w please, appeal
li_c`, lic` li_c`e, g`eli_c` ~nes, li_cian (c`)
PC2 lic, lic ~e, Orm lic(h), licc likk, lice like, liccness, likenn, Lmn iliche, lik(i)en, AW lich, ilich (i)licnesse, liked`, MED lich, lic ~e, ilich, li_ken
~
li_f n m
life
lifen v w live
la_f n f remainder, relic, survivors
laefen v w; (be~) leave, abandon, cease
li_f, libban (lifian) libbe lifast (eo) lifat` (eo) libbat` lifde (leofode), la_f, lae_fan
PC1 laeuede, PC2 liuen liuede, Orm lif, libbenn lifet`t` lifenn, bilefenn, Lmn lif, libben/liuien libbe/liuie lifde/leofede, laue, (bi-)laeuen laefde, AW liuien/libben liuie/libbe liuede, laue, leauen (bi)leaued` leafde, SO liif, live
liht n nt; ~en v w; adj
light; bright, clear
le_me n m brightness, ray, beam
ley` n m flame, fire
li_xan v w shine, flash, glitter, gleam
le_oht (li_ht), li_htan (e_o), li_eg` (e_), le_oma, li_xan
PC2 lihtede, Orm lihht, le(o)m(e), AW liht, lei, leome, Owl liy`t, MED lei (ley`), le_m(e)
liy`en v s5; lay` laegen iley`en
lie, remain
ley`en v w; ley`de; a~ lay, place
ley`er n nt lair, bed, grave
orley`e n nt conflict, war, battle
lage n f; ~lic law, ordinance, regulation
lege n f extent
licgan (ae ae_ e) licge lig`st lig`t` (i_), lecgan a~ leg`de (ae), leg`er, orleg`e, lagu, legu alder~ feorh~
PC1 laei (g) laegen, PC2 lien lai, laeide, Orm lit` lay`y`, leggenn ley`y`et`t` ley`y`de, lay`h`e, Lmn liggen lid` lai laeien ileien, leggen leide, lay`e, Ch lye(n) (liggen), leye (leggen) leyde (a), MED leir, leien (1200)
~
limpen v s3; lamp lumpen ilumpen
happen, occur, befall
belimpen v concern, regard, belong to; befit
ilimp n nt accident; event, occurrence
(g`e)limpan be~ (a u u), g`elimp
PC2 belamp, AW limp~ed` lomp, MED limpen, bi~
li_t`en v s1; la_t` lit`en ilit`en; ~d n
sail, travel, voyage
la_d n f way, course; leading, carrying
laeden v w; ledde iled; be~ lead, guide; bring, carry
li_t`an (a_ i i) li_t`end, la_d, lae_dan be~
PC2 laed ledden, Orm lit`enn, ledenn ledde, Lmn lid`en lad` ilid`en, laeden lede, AW lade, MED li_then
~ ~ ~ ~
lift n m/f/nt
air, atmosphere
lyft
PC1 lyft, Orm lifft, AW luft, MED lift
li_t n, adv
little, few; a few
laes n, adv cmp less
laest n, adj/adv sp least
li_tel adj; little; ~n v w little, small, short
laesse adj cmp littler, smaller; lesser, fewer; inferior
ly_t lae_s, ly_tel lae_ssa lae_st t`e ~e, ly_tlian
PC2 litel, Orm litell little, laeste, lutenn, Lmn lut(e), AW leasse least, SO lite, Ch lite lesse/lasse, litel, leest
e

1 2

man n m, pron; ~nes gen; men pl
person, human, man; one, someone
mennisc adj; ~nes human
man(n) mannes men(n) manna mannum, menn~isc ~(lic`)nes
PC2 man mannes men, Orm mann ~ess ~e menn ~ess mennisske mennisscley`y`c, Ch man mannes men mennes, MED man mennish
ama_ng prep
among; during
ima_ng n nt mixture, union; crowd
g`emang in/on ~ (amang)
PC2 enmang, Orm amang, Owl among
maniy` adj
many
meniy`e n f multitude
manig`, menig`u
PC2 mani(e), Orm maniy`, Lmn manie, HR meniu
mat`el n nt
council, meeting, assembly; speech
mat`elen v w talk, speak, discuss; harangue, make a speech
maet`el mat`elian (ea), mae_lan
AW mead`el~ed` (a), MED mathelen
ma_t`emn m; mat`mes pl
treasure, ornament, jewel, gift
imaene adj, adv common, public; in common
ma_n n nt crime, wickedness
ima_ne n m community, fellowship, companionship
ma_d`um (ma_dm) ma_d`mes, (g`e)mae_ne, ma_n g`ema_na
PC1 madman, Orm maddmess, imaen, man ~at`, Lmn mad`mes madmes, imane, AW imeane, MED madmes, imene, mon, imone
mey` n m
kinsman, relation, parent
mey`t` n f clan, tribe, nation, stock, race, people
mage n m son, young man
magge n m man; disciple
may`den n nt girl, virgin, maiden; maid, servant
mae_g` (e_) ma_gas (e_) mae_g`d` (h), magu/maga, maecg(a), ma_ge, maeg`den
PC1 maei, Orm may`y`t`e, may`y`denn, Lmn maei meies, may`e, maiden, BH maey`d`a, mage, Ch mayden, MED mei maeith, moue (may`he)
mael n nt
period of time, occasion; meal, feast
mae_l
PC1 mael (e), Orm maeless, Lmn mael mele
maere adj; ~t`e
famous, glorious, illustrious
maeren v w celebrate, proclaim
mae_r~e ~d`u ~an
PC2 maere, Orm maere, Lmn maere, MED mere merthe (maerd`e)

1 2

mete n m
food
e_fenmete n dinner, evening meal
morgenmete n breakfast
mete, morgen~ ae_fen~
Orm mete, Lmn mete, AW mete
meten v s5; mat maeten imeten
measure, mete; traverse
met n nt measure, size, quantity
imet adj proper, suitable, fitting
meted n m fate
maete adj small, moderate, inferior
metan (ae ae_ e), (g`e)met, metod, mae_te
Orm mett, Lmn mete, AW metet`, met, MED meten (mat)
me_ten v w; me_tte me_t
meet
imo_t n nt meeting, assembly, discussion, debate; forum, social media group
me_tan me_tte g`eme_ted/met(t), g`emo_t
PC1 mot, Lmn mete mette, AW mot, Owl mot, Ch meeten (mete) met, MED me_ten
micel adj; ~nes
big, great; much
ma_ cmp adv/n (adj) more; longer, further; in addition, besides
ma_re cmp adj/n (adv) bigger, larger; greater, stronger, more important; more
ma_st sp adj/adv greatest; most, mostly
na_ ma_ adv anymore
mic`el (y) mic(c)le mic`el~e ~ian ~lic ~nes, ma_ ma_ra, mae_st (a_) u_t~
PC1 maest, PC2 micel, ma mare, Orm mikell miccle, ma mare mast, Lmn ma mare maest, AW meast, SO mest/mast, Ch muchel (mikel), mo(o) mo(o)re mo(o)st
mid prep, adv
with, by means of; during, at the same time as
mid t`at adv then, thereupon
mid t`i_ t`e conj when, while
mid, ~ t`y_, ~ t`ae_m t`e
PC2 mid, Orm midd, Lmn mid, AW mid, ~ tet ilke, Owl mid t`isse worde
midde adj, n f, pref
mid, middle, midway, centre
onmidden, to_middes prep, adv amid, amidst; in the midst
middel n nt, adj middle, waist; intermediate
midlen n nt town centre
midd ~an ~e ~el, on~an to_~es, ~an-g`eard
PC2 midewintredai, Lmn mid-festen middenerde a-midde, Owl amidde
mis~ pref
mis~, badly, wrongly, awry, askew
mislic adj various, diverse, unlike
mis~ ~do_n, ~lic`
~do_n
mo_d n m
heart, mind, mood, spirit
mo_diy` adj; ~nes spirited, daring, bold, courageous; proud, haughty
mo_d ~ful ~ig` ~ig`lic`, anme_dla
Orm mod ~iy`nesse, Lmn mod, Ch mood
mo_der n f nom/gen
mother
mo_dor mo_dra
PC2 moder, Orm moderr, Lmn moder, MED mo_der
morgen n m
morning
to_morgen tomorrow
morgen
PC1 on morgen, Lmn mory`en-liht, AW marhe(n), MED morwe to~

1 2

mo_ten v ptpr; mo_t most pr, moste pt
may, be allowed
mo_tan mo_t mo_st, mo_ste
PC2 moste, Orm mot motenn, mosste, Lmn mot most moten, moste
mugen v ptpr; may` miht pr, mihte pt
can, be able; could
hu_ miht t`u_ exp how are you
may`en n nt; ~fast strength, vigour, force; efficacy
miht n f; ~iy` strength, power, might
maeg` miht (ea/ae) magon (ae) mihte, maeg`en (e) ~faest, miht (ea) ael~ig`
PC1 maei magen mihte mihton, PC2 mai mihte (y) muhten, Orm may`y` mihht (a) muy`h`enn mihhte ~st ~n, mahht all~iy` mihht, Lmn maei miht muy`en (a), main, AW mein, mihte, Owl miy`te, Ch may mowe(n) myghte ~st ~n, myght, MED main
imunen v w
remember, consider, keep in mind
mi_nd n f; ~iy` adj thought, mind
imi_nd n f memory, remembrance
mine n m; ~lic adj affection, favour, desire; memorial
mingen v w remind, mention
minten v w; minte imint mean, intend
manen v w admonish, exhort, impel
g`emunan g`eman g`emanst (g`emune g`emont`), mynd g`e~ ~daeg`, myne, (g`e)myndgian (myngian myneg`ian), (g`e)myntan, manian (o/y)
PC2 gemunan gemunde, PC2 mint, Orm munndenn, minde, Lmn munien muney`ede, imunten, AW munde, munedai, munien muneget`, i-mint, Gaw mynged, MED imunen (gemuned` 1150), mi_nd(e), min(e), mingen, minten
~ ~
neb n nt; nebbes pl
face, complexion; beak
neb-re_ding n f cosmetics
neb(b)
Lmn neb nebbes, AW neb nebbe, MED neb
~
ne_h prep, adv; ne_r ne_hst
near; nigh; nearby, nearly
wel ne_h adv almost, virtually
naen adv from near by
naelaecen v w; ~cte approach, draw near
ney`en v w accost, attack; address
ne_ah (e_) ne_ar ~ra ni_ehst, ne_an, ne_alae_can nae_g`an
PC2 neh, wel ~, Orm neh(h), ner, Lmn neh, wel ~, neor, nexte, AW neor ~re, neste (x), Ch neigh, ne(e)r, nexte, neighen
niht n f; a~ ~es
night, darkness
aniht, nihtes adv/gen at night
niht (ea/ae)
PC2 niht, Orm nahht nihht, AW niht
nimen v s4 irr; nam na_men inumen
take, assume, accept, receive, seize, catch
daelnimen v partake, participate
fornimen v; be~ deprive, plunder
niman be~ dae_l~ for~ under~ (a a_ [o o_] u )
PC1 delnimende, PC2 (be)nam namen, Orm nimenn namm, Lmn nom nomen, SO nam, MED nimen (nam namen/nomen)
ni_t` n m; ~ful adj
malice, enmity, spite; violence, persecution
ni_t` ~ful
Orm nit` ~ful, AW nid`
nu_ adv, conj
now
nu_ t`a_ adv presently, currently
nu_
PC2 nu, Orm nu, Lmn nu
of prep/adv
of, from, out of; off, away, absent
afere n m offspring, successor, heir; descendant
aften adv from behind, from the rear
after prep/adv; ~re ~este after, along, according to, in pursuit of; afterwards
eft adv, pref again, once more; afterwards, in turn
of, eafora (eafra), aeftan, aefter ~ra aeftresta, aefweard (o), eft (ae)
PC2 of, efter (ae), eft, Orm off/o, affterr, efft, AW eft, Ch of, after
ofer prep, adv, pref
over
ufen adv from above
ufer comp adv further up
ufere comp adj later
up adv up, upwards
ofer, ufan on~, bufan on ~ a~, ufor ufera, u_p uppe uppan (upon)
PC1 ofer, PC2 ouer, up, Orm oferr, bufenn, upp upponn, AW onuuen, buuen a~, up(pe) upon, MED oven onoven, boven above(n), up upon uppe
oft adv; ~er ~est
often
oft
PC2 oft, Orm offte, SO oft
on (a) prep/adv
on
on/an
PC2 on, Orm onn/o, AW o(n), Ch on/an/a
ot` prep; ~ t`at conj
until, up to, as far as
ot` ~t`aet ~ t`e
PC1 od`, HR od`, MED oth ~that
o_t`er adj, ord num
other, second; one of two, another
o_d`er
PC2 ot`er ot`re, Orm ot`err, Lmnot`er
ot`t`e conj
or
od`d`e
PC1 od`d`e, MED oth-the (od`e)
pley`e n m
play, merriment, festivity, drama, sport
pley`en v w play, disport, exercise, amuse oneself
plega (ae) pleg~an (~ian)
Lmn pley pleoy`ede, AW pleien, Ch pley, MED pleien
e

1 2

raed adj
red
re_ad
PC1 read, Lmn raed, AW read, Ch red reed
raed n m; ~esman ~bore; ~lic
advice, counsel, resolution, deliberation; benefit
raeden v w; raedde iraed advise, deliberate, decide; read
rae_d ~an re_d re_don rae_dde g`erae_d(en)
PC2 raed, Orm raediy` redenn radde redd, Lmn raed (ea) raeden radde (ae) raedden
ri_ce adj; n nt
powerful; kingdom, dominion, realm
ri_csen v w rule, tyrannise
ri_ce, ri_csian (x)
PC2 rice, rixan, Orm riche, Lmn riche, MED ri_xen
riht n nt; adj
right, privilege, justice; right, proper, straight
rihten v w direct, amend, correct
rihtlic adj correct
raecen v w irr; rahte reach, stretch
riht ~e ~lic`, (g`e)rihtan, rae_can v w rae_hte (a_)
PC2 rihte, Orm rihhte, Lmn raechen, AW riht, reached` rahte, Ch reche raughte
ri_m n nt
number
ri_men v w count, account, enumerate
ri_mere n m computer, reckoner, calculator
ri_m ~an ~re
Orm rime ~nn, MED ri_me ~n
rink n m
man, warrior, soldier
rank adj proud, overbearing; strong
rinc, ranc
Orm rannc, Lmn rinkas, Gaw renk, MED rink, rank
say`en v w; say`de; fore~
say
secgan saeg`t` saeg`de, fore~
PC2 saein/saegen saede, Orm sey`y`en segge sey`y`t` sey`y`de, Lmn saeid` saide, AW seggen seid` seide, Ch sayn sayde
~
sal n nt
hall, room
sele n m house, dwelling
iselde n m companion, cohabitor, roommate
sael, sele, g`eselda
Lmn selde, Gaw sale, MED sal(e), selde
~
sa_r n nt, adj
pain, wound, sore, suffering; sore, painful
sa_riy` adj sad, sorry
sa_r ~ig`
PC1 sar ~i, Orm sariy`, AW sar ~i, Ch so(o)ng
sarwe n nt
device, contrivance, artifice, apparatus, machine; trick, snare
ladsarwe n charger
serwen v w contrive, devise, plan, plot
searo searwes, searwian sierwan
MED sirwen
scapen v s6; sco_p sco_pen iscapen
create, fashion, shape; allot
iscap n nt; ~ennes n f form, shape
scaft n f creature; creation, destiny
~scipe suff -ship; property, state
scieppan (o_ o_ a), g`esceap, (g`e)sceaft, -scipe
Orm shapet`t` shop shapenn, shaffte, Lmn scop, AW schaft, Ch shapen shop shape, MED -ship(e) (-scipe)
scat`e n m; ~n v w
injury, harm, hurt
sc`ead`~a ~e ~ian, (g`e)sc`ed`d`an (o_ o_ ea),
skad`a
Orm unnshat`iy` ~nesse skat`elaes, skat`~esst ~edd, Lmn scad`e, Ch scathe/schat`e, MED shathe i_shathnes scath(e) scet`t`e, scathen
sce_ pron sg3 nom
she
hire acc/gen/dat her, hers
he_o hi_e hire
PC1 heo, PC2 scae hire, Orm y`h`o hire, Lmn heo/y`e hire, AW heo/ha hire, Owl h(e)o hire, SO sche (hye) hir, Ch she hir(e)/her(e)
scaewen v w
look, observe, examine; show, indicate
sce_ne adj beautiful; bright
sc`e_awian g`e~, sc`i_ene
PC1 scawe, Orm shaewenn, shene, Lmn scaewede, scene, AW scheawen, schene
e ~
scraede n f
shred, cutting, scrap, coupon
ofslehtscraede n discount coupon
scre_ad
AW schreaden, MED shrede
sculen v ptpr; scal scalt, sculde
must, have to, shall, be obliged; should
scild n f; ~iy` offence, fault, crime, guilt
sc`ulan sc`eal sc`ealt sc`ulen sc`(e)olde, (g`e)sc`yld ~ig`
PC2 sculde, Orm shall shallt shulenn shollde, Lmn scal scalt scullen, AW schulde
sae n m/f
sea
e_ger n nt; ~straem flood, high tide; sea
holm n m wave, sea, ocean; island in lake or river
mere n m; ~stre_t sea, ocean; lake, pond, pool
sae_, e_gor ~stre_am, holm, mere ~strae_ta
PC2 sae, Orm sae, marr, Lmn sae, MED mere
se_cen v w irr; sohte; be~ t`urh~
seek, search
sake n f dispute, strife, contest, cause, sake, trial, prosecution, lawsuit
andsac n denial, refusal, resistance
andsake, wit`ersake n adversary; denier, apostate
saken v s6; so_k so_ken isaken; for~ dispute, wrangle, strive, contend, compete
so_ken n f inquiry, persecution
se_c`an sohte be~, sacu saec`c` sacan (o_ o_ a) for~, and~saca ~saec`, so_cn
PC1 saca, socne, Orm sekenn t`urrh~ sohht, sake forrsoc forrsokenn forrsakenn, Lmn sake forsaken, socn, Owl sechet`, Ch seche(n) (k), soken
sefe n m
mind, spirit, heart; understanding
sefa
segg n m
man, warrior, knight
ga_rsegg n ocean
secg, ga_r~
Lmn seg segges, MED segge
se_l n m/f; ~t`e
occasion, opportunity, time; happiness, good fortune, prosperity
ise_liy` adj fortunate, happy, prosperous
sae_l (e_) (g`e)~t` g`e~ig`(e) g`e~an, se_l ~ra ~est
Orm sel sellt`e, Lmn sel iseli, MED se_l(e) ise_li(y`) se_lthe
self pron; ~e dat/pl
self, same
self
PC1 selue, Orm sellf ~e, Lmn seolf
sellen v w irr; sa_lde
give, supply, sell; give up
sellan (eo/i/y) sealde (g`e)seald
PC1 saelde, Orm sellenn, Lmn seollen salde, AW sullen salde, Ch selle(n) solde
e ~
se_n v s5 irr, n f; se_ se_t`, sah saegen isegen; for~ for~ t`urh~
see, perceive; vision
bese_n v look round; look after, provide for
ferse_n n television
ise_ne adj evident, apparent, visible
siht` n f sight, vision, aspect
se_on se_o siehst sieht` (si_t`), seah sa_won (sae_gon) sewen (segen), si_en g`esi_ene, sihd` g`e~
PC1 sed` (eo) saegon/sawon segon, Orm seo sest set` (eo), sahh saey`h`enn sey`h`enn, t`urrhset`, sihht`e, AW sihd`e, Owl sen isene, Ch se_(n) seyen/sawe, MED se_n (seiy`en, se_ghe)
~ ~ ~
siy`e n m; ~fast adj
victory, success, triumph
sig`e sigor ~faest
PC1 sige, Orm siy`e siy`y`efasst, Lmn siy`e
- en
sink n nt
treasure, ornament
sinc
sit`en adv/conj
afterwards, after, subsequently, since
si_t` adv; ~re ~est later; afterwards
sit`t`a(n) (eo/y), si_d` ~or ~est ~li_c`e
PC2 syt`en, Orm sit`t`enn, sit`reCh sithen, MED si_theli_

1 2

si_t` n m; ~en v w
journey, venture, adventure, exploit; time, occasion
isi_t` n; ~scipe companion, fellow
senden v w; sende isend send
si_t` ~ian g`e~ mid~ian g`e~~scipe, sendan sende g`esend
PC2 senden, Orm sit`e, senndenn sennde sennd, Lmn sid` ~en, MED si_th ~en
sitten v s5; sat saeten iseten
sit
besitten v surround, besiege
setten v w; sette iset set, seat, place, arrange
saete n m sitting, session; seat; region, site
setel n nt seat, stall, bench, throne; place, residence, abode
setlen v w tr settle, place, put
sittan be~ (ae ae_ e), settan sette g`eset, sae_t(a), setl (setol) ~an
PC2 sitten besaet, sette, setle, Orm sittenn satt saetenn, setten be~, saete, Lmn sat saeten seten, setten sette iset, sadele, saettele, AW sitten, setten, seotel, MED setle, sete
slaen v s6 irr; slae slaet`, slo_h slo_gen islay`en
strike; slay; beat, forge
islaen v win, gain, conquer
sleht n m/nt stroke, blow; slaughter
ofsleht n discount
(g`e)sle_an (sla_n) slieht` (slae_ht`) slo_h slo_gon g`eslaeg`en/slagen, slieht (ea)
PC2 sloghen, Orm slaen slaet` sloh sloy`h`enn slay`enn, Lmn slaen slaed` sloh sloy`en, slehte (ae), AW slead` sloh slohen, slaht, Ch slee(n) slough slayn, MED sle_n, slaught
~ ~
snoter adj; ~nes n f ~scipe n m
clever, prudent, intelligent, cunning
snittre n f cleverness, prudence, sagacity
snotor ~nes ~scipe, snyttru
Orm snoterr, MED snoter
e ~
sorge n f; ~ful; ~n v w
sorrow, grief, care
sorg (h) ~ful ~ian
Orm serry`he serrhfull, Lmn sorh sor(h)y`e, sory`eden, AW sorhe, sorhin, MED sorwe (sorge), sorwen (zory`en)
so_t` n nt; ~lic adj
truth, reality
se_t`en v w declare, affirm, testify
sinne n f; ~iy` ~ful ~laes; ~n v w sin, transgression
so_t` ~lic`, se_d`an, syn(n) ~ig` ~lic` ~le_as synna, sinnian
PC1 sod`, PC2 sotlice, sinnes, Orm sot`, sinne, Owl sot`, sunne, Ch synneth, MED so_th, sinne, se_then, sinnen
speken v s5; spak spaeken ispeken
speak
ferspeken v telephone, speak by phone
spe_c n f speech, discourse, language
sprecan on~ to_~ (specan) (ae ae_ e), sprae_c` (e_) fore~
PC2 spac, Orm spekenn spacc spaekenn, spaeche, Lmn speche (ae), AW speche, Ch speke(n) spak
spilen v w
play, revel, do sport
spilian
MED spilen
~ e
standen v s6 irr; sto_d sto_den istanden
stand
atstanden v make a stand, remain, resist
forstanden v be of use, avail, protect, defend; prevent, oppose
stat`el n m; ~en v w foundation, framework, base
stat`elen v w establish, fix; confirm
stede n m place, site, stead
standan standet`/stent, sto_d sto_don g`estanden aet~ for~, staet`, stad`ol (g`e)~ian, stede ~faest burg~
PC2 forstode, Orm stannd~enn ~et`t` (stant) stod stodenn unnderr~ stede, Lmn stat`el stat`e, Ch stonde(n) (a) stont/stondeth stede, MED stathelen
stellen v w irr; stalde
put, place, pack; set, establish, institute
edstellen v reset
stal n m/nt; ~les pl stall
stille adj still, silent, motionless, meek
sto_l n m stool, seat, chair
stellan stealde, stae_l ~an, steall g`e~ g`e~e, stille, sto_l
Orm stille, Lmn stol, AW stalde istald, Ch stille stol, MED stellen stolde, stal(le)
stemne n m
stem, trunk, foundation; prow, stern
stemnetten n m stand firm
stefn (stemn) ~ettan
MED stem(me)
e
sto_w(e) n f
place, locality, spot
aerdingsto_w n dwelling, residence, abode, lodging
websto_w n website
sto_w eardung~
Lmn stowe, Owl eardingstowe, MED stou(e)
strand n nt
beach, seashore
strand
Orm strande, Lmn stranden, Ch strondes
sum adj, pron, suff
some, a certain; one, someone
simble adv always, continually, continuously
sum, simble
PC2 sum ~e, Orm summ, Ch som, MED simle (simble)
sune n m
son
sunu
PC2 sune, Orm sune, Lmn sune
su_nd adj
sound, safe
far su_nd, faret` su_nd exp goodbye
g`esund, far(at`) ~
Orm sund, Lmn sund
swa_ adv/conj
so, as
alswa_ adv also, likewise, moreover, then, thus
als (~e) conj as, so
swa_ same conj like
swa_, eallswa_ (allswa_/alswe_)
PC2 swa, alsua, als(e), Orm swa, all swa, alls (~e), Lmn swa, al swa, AW swa/se, alswa, as, Ch so, also, als
swe_r n m
father-in-law
iswe_r n cousin
swey`er n f mother-in-law
swe_or g`e~, sweg`er
MED sweor
swerd
sword
sweord (u/y/o)
PC1 sweord, Orm swerd, SO swerd
swilc adj/pron
such
swilc` (ae/e/y, swa_li_c)
PC2 suilc, Orm swillc swillke, MED swich
swi_t` adj
strong, powerful, active
swi_t`e adv very, quite, greatly, severely
oferswi_t`en v w; ~dlic overcome, overpower, conquer, vanquish; excel, surpass
swi_t` ~e ofer~an ofer~endlic`
PC1 swid`e, PC2 suythe, Orm swit`e, Ch swithe
~
tellen v w irr; ta_lde
tell, inform, recount, narrate
bi_tellen v speak for, defend, justify, excuse
untellendlic adj indescribable, unspeakable
tale n f tale, fable, story, narrative
ital n nt number, series
talen v count, calculate, reckon
italcraft n m arithmetic
tellan tealde, talu, (g`e)tael ~craeft, talian
PC2 tellen un~dlice, Orm tellenn talde tald bitellenn, Lmn tellen bi~
te_n num
ten
~te_ne num suf ~teen
te_nt`e adj tenth, ~teenth
ti_en te_ot`a t`re_o~ti_ne (i_e/y_) t`re_o~te_ot`a
PC1 ten(n) t`reotted`an, Orm tene tende, Lmn ten(e), AW t`reotud`e, MED ten thri_te_ne te_nthe (te_t`e)
te_hen v s2; te_he te_ht`, taeh tugen itogen
draw, tow, tug, pull
~toge n m, suff leader
te_h n nt; te_ges matter, material
te_on (e_a u o) ty_hst tie_ht` (e_), ~toga, g`ete_oh
AW teon teod` tuhen, MED te_n (tegh te_d`/tihd` tgen togen)

1 2

t`ank n m; (i~)
thanks, gratitude, reward
t`anken v w thank
t`enken v w irr; t`ohte think, intend, consider
t`inken v w irr; t`uhte seem, appear
oft`inken v offend, insult, grieve
t`oht n nt; (i~) idea, thought
t`anc (o) ~ian ~ian ~weort` aef~ g`e~, t`enc`an be~ t`o_hte, t`ync`an of~ t`u_hte
PC2 t`ankes, Orm t`annkenn (unn)t`annkess, t`ennkenn t`ohhte t`ohht, t`innket`t` t`uhhte, AW t`enchen, t`unched` t`uhte, Owl t`inkt` (t`unch) t`uy`te of~, Ch thank (o) thanke(n), thenke(n) (ch), thynke(n)
t`anne adv
then, when
t`enden conj/adv while, as long as; meanwhile
t`an conj than
t`onne (t`anne/t`on), t`enden
PC2 t`an(ne), Orm t`ann(e) (t`ane), AW t`enne, Ch than(ne)/then(ne), MED thanne
t`e def, conj
the; which
t`at dem pron/adj nt, conj that; which
t`a_ dem pron/adj pl those
t`as adv/dem pron gen; ~ t`e conj afterwards, thence, accordingly
t`i_, t`an dem pron (for/mid ~) that
se t`one t`aes t`ae_m t`y_ t`aet se_o t`a_ t`ae_re t`a_ t`a_ra t`a_m; t`e, t`aet(te)
PC2 t`e t`at (ae/e) t`a, Orm t`e t`att t`a, Lmn t`at t`a, Ch the that tho
t`aeh, t`oh adv, conj
though, although, however
t`ohhwet`ere adv nevertheless
t`e_ah,
t`o_ *t`auh
PC1 t`eah, PC2 t`oh, t`ohuet`ere (ae), Orm t`ehh, t`ohh, t`ohhwhet`t`re, Lmn t`aeh, t`oh, Owl t`ey`
t`aer adv; ~fore, ~mid, ~of, ~to_
there, where
t`enen adv thence, from there
t`ider adv; ~ward thither, to there
t` ae_r ~aet ~ big` ~in(ne) ~mid ~of ~on ~to_, t`anon (t`eonen), t`ider ~weard
PC1 t`aer ~ fore, t`e(o)non t`anon, PC2 t`aer (e) tharof, t`ider, Orm t`aer ~fore ~ fra ~off(e) ~one, t`iderr, Lmn t`eonene t`enne, t`ider, Chther ~ fore, thenne ~s, MED ther -at -mid -from -of -on -to_, thenne ~s
t`aer t`aer - there where
t`e_d n f; el~, el~iy`
people, nation, tribe, ethnic group; land, region, realm
it`e_de n language, speech
t`e_den v w; under~ join, associate
t`e_od g`e~e (g`e)~an under~an el~ el~ig`(lic`) el~isc
PC1 t`eode, PC2 undert`eden, Orm t`e(o)d ~e, Lmn t`eod, Owl t`eode, MED the_d(e) the_den
t`ey`n n m
servant, minister, retainer, vassal, follower, courtier
t`ey`nen v w administer, serve
t`eg`n ~ian
PC1 t`eignes/d`aeines, Lmn t`ein
t`is (~e) dem pron/adj
this
t`ise pl these
t`es t`isne t`ises t`isum m t`is t`is t`ises t`isum t`e_os t`a_s t`isse t`isse t`a_s t`a_s t`issa t`issum
PC1 t`is, Orm t`iss t`ise, Ch this thise, MED this thes(e)
t`riccen v w intr/tr; t`rihte
press, push; print
fort`riccen v oppress, suppress
d`ryc`c`an (i) d`ryhte/d`rycte for~
BH id`ryht, MED thricchen
t`u_ pron sg2 nom
you, thou
t`e_ acc you, thee
t`i_n gen your, thy, thine
t`u_ t`e_ t`i_n
PC1 t`e, t`in, PC2 t`u, Orm t`u, t`e, ti(n) t`in, Lmn t`u, t`e, t`i(n)
t`urfen v ptpr tr/intr; t`arf t`arft, t`urfte (o)
need; be obliged
t`arf n f; ~lic need, necessity, distress
t`arfe adj; n m needy, indigent, destitute
it`arfen v w necessitate
t`urfen t`earf t`earft t`orfte, t`earf ~a, g`et`earfian, t`earflic`
Orm t`arrf t`urrfte, Lmn t`urfen, AW t`(e)arf t`urfte
t`urh prep, adv
through, during
t`irel n nt; e_ge~, nos~ hole, orifice, aperture
t`irlen v w pierce, perforate; thrill
t`urh, t`yr(e)l ea_g~, t`yrlian
PC2 t`urhc, Orm t`urrh, Lmn t`urh, it`urlud, AW t`url ~in, Ch thirled, MED thirl ~en
t`us adv
thus, this way
t`us
PC1 d`us t`us, Orm t`uss, MED thus
~
twa_ num/adj f
two
atwa_ adv apart
itwaefen v w separate; deprive
twaemen v w divide; divorce
twe_ n m; ~n v w doubt
twelf num; ~te ord twelve
betwe_nen prep, adv between, among; meanwhile
twentiy` num; twentiget`e ord twenty
twey`en num/adj m, n pair, couple, twain
twiy`es adv twice
twe_g`en/twa_/tu_ on twa_, g`etwae_fan, (to_)twae_man, twe_o twe_og`an (twe_on) twe_ode, twelf ~ta, (be)twe_onan, twe_ntig`, twe_g`en, twi_ tuwa (twig`ea)
PC1 tweamde, twelf(e), twenti, twegen, twiges, PC2 twa, Orm twa, twellf(e) ~te, bitwenenn, twenntiy`, twey`y`enn, twiy`(y`)ess, Lmn atwa, to-twemden, twelf, bi-twe(o)nen, twenti, tweien, AW atwa, tweolfte twentud`e, Ch two a-~, betweene (i), twyes, BH 1175 atwa, MED twelfth, tweoy`ean
under prep, adv
under
under
Orm unnderr, Lmn under, SO under
e e
u_t adv
out, outside
u_ten adv from outside
wit`u_ten prep outside of, except
u_t ~e ~an
PC2 ut ute, wid uten, Orm ut, wit`t`utenn, Lmn uten, wid`-uten

1 2

wal n; ~halle
slaughter, carnage, slain, battlefield
walkiriy` n f witch, sorceress, Valkyrie
wael ~cyrig`e ~heall, walu
Lmn wael, MED wal, wal-kirie
wal n m; walles pl
wall
weall (a)
PC1 weallas, Orm wall, Lmn walles, SO wal, Ch wal walles
iwa_ld n nt
power, control, dominion, command
wa_lde adj omnipotent
we_lden v w rule, control, command, govern
g`eweald, wealda, wealdan (e_o e_o ea)
Orm walde, weldenn, Lmn welden/walden, AW walde, welden wealdest walt, MED we_ld, we_lden (we_lded), ModE wield

1 2

wallen v s7; well wellen iwallen
boil, seethe, well, gush
wael n m ocean, deep pool
welle n f well, fountain, spring, source
welm n m welling, surging, flood, turmoil
weallan (e_o e_o ea), wae_l, wiell (~a) ~e, wielm (ae)
PC1 weallan, wael, Orm wallenn, wel, welle, AW wallen weol(le) iweallet, welle, MED wallen, we_l, wel(le), walm(e) (e)

1 2

ware n m
ware, product, merchandise, article; shelter, protection, care
waru
Lmn ware, AW ware, MED ware
ward n f; m
protection, guard; guardian
warden v w; warde guard, keep, watch
war adj wary, aware, shrewd
waren v w beware, be wary; inhabit
ware n m/f; burh~ inhabitant, dweller
warn n f refusal, reluctance, repugnance; impedance
warnen v w warn, caution
wernen v w refuse, deny, reject, decline; impede, prevent
weard fore~, ~ian, waer, warian, waru, a_waerian, wearn, warnian, wiernan
PC1 weard fore~, PC2 forewarde, war, Orm warr, Lmn foreward, warnede, werne, AW warde foreward, warden, wearnen, Ch war, MED ward ~en, warnen, wernen
~

1 2

water n nt
water
wad n nt ford, sea, ocean
wascen v s6; wesc wescen iwascen wash
waete n m wetness, moisture
waeter waet(e)ru, waed, wasc`an s7 (o_ o_ [e_o] a), wae_ta
PC1 waeter watres, Orm waterr wattress, wasshenn wessh, Lmn water, wascen, SO water, Ch wasshe wessh ~en wasschen, MED washen (washede/wosch/wesch)
~
we_ pron pl1
we
u_s acc us
u_re gen our
wit dual we, we two
unk acc us, us two
unker gen our, our two
we_ u_s u_re, wit unc uncer
PC2 we ure, Orm we uss ure, witt unnc unnkerr, Lmn we us (ous) ure, wit unc, AW we us ure, unc, Owl unker, SO ous, MED wit unk
waede n f
garment, robe, clothing
waedes pl clothes
wae_d
Orm waede, Lmn wedes, Ch wede
waepen n nt
weapon, force
waepnen v w to arm
wae_pen wae_pnu, wae_pnan
Orm waepenn, waepnedd, Lmn waepen waepne, wepnen MED wepen ~es, wepnen
wey` n m
way, route, road
onwey`, awey` adv away
way`n n m carriage, wagon, cart, vehicle; car
allway`n n bus
wegen v s5; wah waegen iwey`en carry, wear; weigh
wigg n nt horse, steed
weg` a_~ on~, wegan (waeg` wae_gon weg`en), waeg`(e)n, wicg
Orm wey`y`e awey`y`, way`y`n, Lmn weide, AW wei(y`)en wehed` iweiet, Ch wey (a) awey, wayn, MED weien (wey`en waugh weien), wain
wel adv
well, abundantly, very
wele n m wealth, prosperity
weliy` adj wealthy
wel wela welig`
PC2 wel, Orm wel, MED wel wele
e
we_n n f
expectation, belief
we_nen v w expect, believe, suppose, fancy
wenen v w accustom, habituate, inure, train; entertain, treat; wean
wunen v w dwell, inhabit, live; remain, stay
iwunen v become accustomed
t`urhwunen v continue, keep on
wuning v w dwelling, apartment
wune n m habit, custom, practice, rite
iwunelic adj usual, customary, normal
we_n ~an, wenian (wennan), wunian g`e~ t`urh~, wunung wuna, g`ewunelic`
PC1 wunien, PC2 wende, Orm wen wenenn, wunenn, Lmn wunie wunede, AW wunie(n) wune, iwenet, Owl wunest, Ch wenen wende wen(e)d, wone(n) woned/wont wone, MED wenen
werk n m; ~ful
work, act
wircen v w irr; wrohte work, act, perform; fashion, construct
iwirht n f/nt deed, service; desert, merit
wrihte n author, artist, labourer, worker, maker, creator, craftsman, wright
wark n m; ~en v w intr pain, ache, affliction, suffering, anguish
(g`e)weorc and~ ~e ~ful, wyrc`an (weorcan) worhte (wrohte), g`ewyrht wyrhta (wrihta), waerc (wraec) ~an
PC1 wircen, PC2 castelweorces, wrohte, Orm werrc werrkess, wirrkenn wrohhte, wrihhte, Lmn wurchen wrohte, AW warch, wruhte (ur), SO werk, Ch werk werkes, wirche (werke) wro(u)ghte, wrighte, MED werk (wark)

1 2

wert`en v s3; wart` wurt`en iwort`en
become, happen, arise
forwert`en v perish, deteriorate
wird n f fate, destiny
wirdgang n m career
weort`an (u/y) for~ weort`et`/weort` weart` wurden (g`e)worden, wyrd (eo) to_~, g`ewyrde
PC1 weord`an ward` (ea) wurd`on, PC2 wart` wurt`en, Orm wurrt`en warrt` wurrt`enn (d), AW wurd`en iwurden, wurd`es, Ch wi(e)rdes, MED worthen, werd
wer n m
man, male
wereld n f world
wer, woruld (eo)
PC1 weoruld, Orm weress were, werelld (eo) Lmn weres, weor(e)ld, Ch werld, MED wer, ModE were-wolf
wered n nt
throng, troop, band, company
werod (weorud)
Lmn weored, AW weoredes, MED wered
~
wi_d adj; ~e adv
wide
wi_d
Orm wid, AW wid, MED wi_d(e)
wesen v irr; at~
be
am pr sg1 am
art pr sg2 art
is pr sg3 is
sinden, aren pr pl are
was pt sg 1/3 was
waeren pt pl were
si_, si_n sbj pr be
wes, weset` imp be
hu_ art t`u_ exp how are you
wesan eom (eam) eart is sind/sindon (aron) was wae_ron si_e si_en wes wesad` wesende nis
PC1 am sindon, PC2 is was waeron, Orm amm arrt iss arrn sinndenn wass waerenn si; namm niss narrt, Lmn si, AW am is aren; nis; wes hal, Owl art; nas nere, VH synd
contractions - ne + am, ne + was etc = nam nart nis nas naeren
~ ~
wiht n f/nt
creature, being, person
awiht, oht n, adv something, anything; aught, at all
nawiht, noht n, adv nothing, naught
unwiht n abomination, evil creature
wiht, a_wiht (a_ht/o_ht), na_ht (na_wiht/no_ht)
PC2 naht/noht, Orm wihht, ohht, nohht, AW wiht, oht, nocht/nawt, Ch wight, aught/o(u)ght, naught/no(u)ght
wiy` n nt
war, combat, battle
wi_gen v w fight
wige n m warrior
wi_g` ~end, wi_g~an ~ian, g`ewegen (ae ae_ e), wiga
Lmn wiy`e wi-aexe, Gaw wyy`e, Piers wye, MED wi_, wie (wighe)
wille n m
will, determination, purpose; delight, pleasure
iwill n nt wish, desire
willen v irr; wille wilt pr, wolde pt wish, want, be willing
nillen v irr not wish, be unwilling
willa (will) g`ewill willan wille wilt wil(l)e willat` wolde nyllan
PC1 wille, PC2 willen wolde, Orm wille wilenn wile wollde nollde, Lmn wille, AW wil(le) wulle wult wule wulled` walde walden unwil ~les, Owl wile nolde
e
wi_nden v s3; wa_nd wu_nden iwu_nden
wind, wrap, revolve, twist, circle around
wa_nden v w turn aside, flinch, hesitate
wenden v w; wende turn, go, wend
awenden v change, translate, convert
windan (a u u) g`e~, wandian, wendan wende a_~
Orm winnde wand wundenn, wendenn wennde wennd, Lmn winden wond wunden, wendest, awend, MED wonden (wande)
winter n nt; wintre
winter, year
winter wintru
PC2 winter wintre, Orm winnterr, Lmn winter wintere
~ ~

1 2 3

wit n nt; ~tiy`, ~laes
wit, reason, understanding, intellect, sense, consciousness
witen v ptpr; wa_t wa_st, wiste iwist know, understand, be conscious, be aware, perceive, observe
niten v not know, be ignorant
bewiten v watch over, guard, administer
wite n w sage, philosopher, councillor, adviser; accomplice; witness
witnes n f testimony
wi_s adj wise
andwi_s adj; ~nes expert, skilful
wi_se n f, suff manner, fashion, way
wi_sen v w guide, show the way, direct, instruct
iwiss interj, adj indeed; certain, sure; trustworthy
to_ wisse adv completely, for certain of course
witt ~ig`, (g`e)wit~a ~an ~ena, witan be~ wa_t wa_st wiste, nytan, bewitian, wit~le_as ~nes, wi_s ~e ~ian ~a, andwi_s ~nes, g`e~wiss to_ ~um ~ian, wislic
PC1 witan wat wisten, Orm witt ~laes, wite, witenn wat wisstenn, wis ~e, wiss to ~e ~enn, Lmn wit, witen wat, wis ~e, wissien, AW wit, weote, witen wat wast wiste, wis, wissed`, Ch wit, wite(n) wo(o)t wo(o)st wiste, wis ~e, wisse
wi_ten v s1; wa_t witen iwiten
accuse, blame, impute, ascribe
wi_te n nt penalty, fine; punishment, retribution, torture; affliction, misery, distress
edwi_ten v; at~ reproach, criticise
iwi_ten v look, behold, see; depart, go, die
witnen v w punish, chastise, torture
uten hort let us
wi_tan (a_ i i) aet~ ed~ g`e~, wi_te, witnian, uton
PC1 wite, Orm witenn wi'te, Lmn uten, AW witest edwiten wite, Ch wyten wite, MED wi_ten ed- wi_te
wit` (~er) prep
against, opposed, opposite, facing
wit`re n nt; ~n v w resistance
wit` ~er, wid`re, wid`erian
PC2 wit` (wid), Orm wit`t`, wit`t`renn, Lmn wid`, wid`ere
~ ~
word n nt
word
word
PC1 worde, Orm word, Lmn word
~ ~ e
wreken v s5 wrak wraeken iwreken; a~ i~
banish, expel, drive; avenge, punish; utter
wrake n f/nt exile, punishment, persecution, revenge; pain, suffering, distress, misery
wrecce n m; ~had n f, ~lic adj wretch; exile, adventurer
wrecan (ae ae_ e) a_~ g`e~, wraec`c`a wraeclic`, wracu wraec
PC1 wrecce, PC2 uurecce, Orm wrekenn, wrecche ~liy`, Lmn wreken a~, wrecche, wrake, AW wrake, Ch wreken wrak
e ~
wude n m
wood, tree, copse, forest
wudu
PC1 wudes, Orm wude, Lmn wude
~ ~
wunder n nt sg/pl; ~lic ~ful
wonder, marvel; atrocity
wundren v w intr be astonished, marvel
ofwundren v tr; for~ astonish, amaze
wundor ~lic` ~ful, wundrian of~
PC2 wunder ~lice, ofuundred, Orm wunnder ~like wunndre, wunndren, forrwunndredd, Lmn wunder wunderes, wonddrede, AW wunder wundre wundres, wundrede
~
wurm n m
serpent, snake; worm
wyrm (u)
Orm wurrm, Lmn wurm, AW wurm, SO worm, MED worm

1 2

wurt` n nt; ~ful ~lic
worth, value, price, cost; importance
hu_ micel is t`e wurt` exp how much does it cost
wurt`en v w; ~ing esteem, honour, worship, celebrate, exalt, praise
wurt`scipe n; ~nes ~mint honour, dignity, respect, esteem
weort` (wurt`/wyrd`e) ~ful ~lic` ~ian ~ung ~mynt ~nes ~sc`ipe
PC2 wur(t)scipe, Orm wurrt`(e) ~minnt ~i, Lmn wurd`(e) vnword`
win n f; winnes; ~lic ~sum
delight, pleasure, joy, rapture
wine n m friend, comrade, protector
iwin n nt; ~nes gain, profit; toil, labour; conflict, strife, battle
winnen v s3; wan wunnen iwunnen win, gain, achieve, attain, conquer; toil, labour; struggle, strive, contend, resist, oppose
iwinne, wit`erwinne n m enemy, adversary, opponent, rival
wi_scen v w; ~ndlic wish, desire
wynn wyn~le_as ~lic` ~sum, wine ~mae_g`, winnan (a u u) winn winna (g`e~) wid`er~, wy_scan (i_) wy_scendlic
PC1 gewinn, PC2 winnan wan, Orm winnenn wann wunnenn, Lmn wun wunne (i), wine, iwin, Owl wune wunne, Ch wisshe, MED win, wine, wishen (wiscen)
ifel adj/n nt
evil, bad, wretched; inferior, defective
ifelen v w ail
yfel ~ian
PC2 yfel/yuel(e), Orm ifell, MED ivel
i_t`e n f
wave, surge; sea
y_t`
Lmn vd`e, AW ut`en, MED i_the