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Table V (alternate) - comparison of spellings in Orm, PC2 and selected 13th century texts

a table of spellings from Peterborough Chronicle, Ormulum, Owl & Nightingale, Layamon's Brut, Ancrene Wisse, Proclamation of Henry III, Sir Orfeo & Chaucer

PC2
Peterborough Chronicle (EM 1154)
Orm
Ormulum (EM 1161)
Owl
Owl & Nightingale (SE 1200?)
Lmn
Layamon (WM 1220?)
AW
Ancrene Wisse (WM 1220?)
PH3
Proclamation of Henry III (SW 1258)
SO
Sir Orfeo (EM 1300?)
Ch
Chaucer (EM 1368)
eME
Early Middle English
OE
Old English
Sounds & spellings (see examples below)
  OE PC2 Orm Owl Lmn AW PH3 SO Ch alt eME
/A`:/ a_ a a - a a - - - a_
/O`:/ - - - o (o) (o) oa, o o o, oo -
/a:/ - - - a a a a o a, aa -
/a/ a a a a a a a a a a
/e:/ e_ e e e e e e e e, ee e_
/E`:/ e_a, ae_ ae ae e ae ea ea, ae, e e e, ee ae_
/i:/ i_ i i i i i i ii, y y, i i_
/o:/ o_ o o o o o o o o, oo o_
/u:/ u_ u u u u u u ou ou u_
/j/ g` i, g y` y` y` y` y` y` y (y`) y`
/aI`/ aeg` aei, aeg ay`y` ai, ay` ai ai ai ai, ay ay ai
/eI`/ ae_g`, eg` ei, eg ey`y` ei, (ai)         ay, ey ei
/j@`/~ g`e ge* y`e - - - - - - -
/i:/~ - o* /@`/ i i i i i y y i
~/ij/ ig` - iy` - - - - - - -
~/i:/ - i - i i i i i y i_
/S`/ sc sc sh sch, (sh) sc sch sch, shc sch sh, sch sch
/tS`/ c c ch ch ch ch ch, hc ch ch ch
/dZ`/ cg gg (PC1) gg gg gg gg ? gg j, gg gg
/x/,/ç/ h h h y`, h h ch y` y` gh, y` h
/xw/ hw w wh w, hw wh hw wh wh wh wh
/G``/ g ch, g(h) y`h` y` y` (hy`) y` y` -(w), (wh) - (w) y`
/kw/ cw cu, qu cw qu qu cw ? qu qu qu
/v/ f u(v) f u(v) u(v) u(v), f u(v) v v v

Commentary

Key:

Issues arising from this spelling comparison:

Return to the main table V - a comparison of spellings in selected 12th century texts.

Examples taken from the secondary eME sources
  OE PC2 Orm Owl Lmn AW PH3 SO Ch eME
/A`:/ sta_n, a_t`, a_n, tha_, swa_, na_n, ha_m, sa_wol, twa_, ma_ra, la_t` stanes, at`es, an, t`a, sua, nan, saule, twa, mare an, t`a, swa, ham, sawle, mare -     ot`e - - sta_n, a_t`, a_n, t`a_, swa_, na_n, ha_m, sa_wel, twa_, ma_re, la_t`
/O`:/ - - - one, s(w)o, no, lot`e, wrot, mo, oy`e, brode         sto(o)n, boot -
/a/ smael, t`aet, waes, c`ealf, macian t`at, was t`att, wass smal, t`at, was         was, that, calf, make(n) smal, t`at, was, calf, maken
/e:/ fe_t                 fe_t
/E`:/ stre_am, he_afod, e_ac, g`e_ar, wae_re, flae_sc, lae_fan gaer, sae shaewenn, whaer, thaer, y`aen heved, ek, y`er, ay`en, were, fleshe, bileve           strae_m
/i:/ li_f li_f li_f             li_f
/o:/ go_d go_d boc             go_d
/u:/ hu_s hu_s nu, ure, hu             hu_s
/j/ g`eong, G`e_, to_g`e_anes gaer, agenes, iaf, iard, beionde onny`aen, yet             y`ung, Y`e_, ay`ae_nes
/aI`/ daeg`, maeg`, maeg`den, saeg`de, faeg`er daei, lai, mai, saeden, saein, fair day`y`, may`y`denn mai, faire       day, t`ai, sayde, maiden, fair day, sayde, fair/fayre day`, say`de, fay`er
/eI`/ ae_g`t`er, be_g`en, wre_g`en, ae_g`, beien, eie ey`y`t`er, wrey`enn eit`er, ey`         either ey`t`er, bey`en, wrey`en
/j@`/~ g`eha_ten, g`esaeg`d gehaten y`ehatenn         - - -
/i:/~ - - - iseid       ysayd   iha_ten, i_say`d
~/ij/ manig` mani, hali -         -   -
~/i:/ - -   -           maniy`
/S`/ sc`e_ld sculde, scip shollde sheld, schal           sce_ld
/tS`/ c`i_ld cild, rice, micel, lic, aeuric child, macche suich, recchet`           c`i_ld
/dZ`/ bricg                 brigg
/x/,/ç/ niht, burh niht, mihte, Drihtin, rihte fehh, rihhte, mihhte             niht, burh
/xw/ hwat wat, wethere, wile, ware whaer           what hwat
/G``/ sorge sorche, halechen, sloghen             sorwe sorge
/kw/ cwe_n cuen, quarterne cwemenn           quelle, quyk(e), quod cwe_n
/v/ ifel ivel y`aefe wulues         yvel(e), evel ifel